Mango

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Mango
Gammelt mangotre på Réunion
Gammelt mangotre på Réunion
Vitenskapelig(e)
navn
:
Mangifera indica
Norsk(e) navn: mango
mangotre
Hører til: sumakfamilien,
Sapindales,
blomsterplanter
IUCNs rødliste:
data utilstrekkelig
Habitat: terrestrisk
Utbredelse: sørøst i Asia

Mango (latin Mangifera indica) er frukten fra mangotreet. Den kan være oval, rund, eller hjerteformet og har en avlang sten i midten. Det gule fruktkjøttet har en søtlig smak, og er full av antioksidanter. Den kan være grønn, gul, eller rød—som epler—avhengig av art. Mango er den mest spiste frukten i hele verden[1]. Skal ikke oppbevares under 7 ºC.

Mango inneholder 14% karbohydrat og lite stivelse.

Mango importeres umoden til Norge. En moden mango er myk og lager en fast lyd når man tapper på den med fingeren. Umodne mangoer lager en hul lyd når man tapper på dem.

Et mangotre i full blomst i Kerala, India

Kultivarer[rediger | rediger kilde]

På verdensbasis finnes det hundrevis av mango sorter. På mango marker blir ofte flere sorter dyrket samtidig for en bedre krysspollinering. Det er ikke alltid de sortene som smaker best som selges mest, men de som holder seg best under transport og på markedet.

Kultivarliste[rediger | rediger kilde]

Følgende er en liste over noen av de mest dyrkede sortene, oppført etter landet de blir mest dyrket i:

Navn
Bile Opphav/
Noter
Alampur Baneshan Mango AlampurBaneshan Asit fs.jpg India, USA
Alice Mango Alice Asit fs.jpg USA
Almaas Pakistan
Alphonso Alphonso mango.jpg India, Pakistan, Ecuador, Egypt, Sudan, USA "King of Mangoes", very sweet with fibreless pulp, rich in vitamin A and C, founded mainly in Devgad & Ratnagiri Districts of Maharashtra, India. This cultivar is available in Feb till end of May.
Amrapali India
Anderson Mango Anderson Asit fs8.jpg USA
Angie USA
Anwar Ratol Multan, Punjab (Pakistan) Small in size and flesh without fibre . Peak season is mid July to August.
Ataulfo Ataulfo mango.jpg Ecuador, Mexico
Bailey's Marvel Mango BaileysMarvel Asit fs8.jpg USA
Banganapalli Banganapalli 12x9.jpg India The largest volume mango cultivar in the world, this medium-large fruit ripens to a golden-yellow exterior and a straw-yellow to golden-yellow interior. Very juicy, slightly tangy with little or no fibre and a creamy texture. It originates from the erstwhile princely state of Banganapalle, in present-day Andhra Pradesh, India.
Bennet Alphonso Mango BennetAlphonso Asit fs.jpg USA
Beverly Beverly mango.JPG USA
Bombay Mango Bombay Asit ftg.jpg India, Nepal, USA
Brahm Kai Meu Mango BrahmKaiMeu Asit fs.jpg USA
Brooks Mango Brooks Asit fs8.jpg Australia, USA
Carabao (Philippine Mango) Mango Carabao Asit ftg.jpg Philippines The Queen of Mangoes, Philippine Mango was confirmed by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s sweetest Mango.[2] The Ataulfo (mango) and Manilita mango cultivars originated from the Philippine Mango variety. It can be traced back in the Manila-Mexico galleon trade in the years 1600-1800's. It was also known then as Manila Super-Mango[3]
Carrie Mango Carrie Asit fs8.jpg USA
Chaunsa Chaunsa.JPG Sindh, Pakistan The most tasteful, luscious and with aromatic fragrance, Chaunsa mango has powerful antioxident and anticancer abilities and is high in proteins and vitamins. Cities of Mirpur Khas Sindh and Multan, Rahim Yar Khan from Punjab, Pakistan are very famous in the world for the Chaunsa Mango.
Chok anan Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Thailand
Cogshall Mango02 CS HD CS Asit.jpg USA
Cushman Mango Cushman Asit fs8.jpg USA
Dasheri Pakistan, India, Nepal
Dot Mango Dot Asit fs8.jpg USA
Duncan Mango Duncan Asit fs8.jpg USA
Earlygold Earlygold mango.JPG USA
Edward Mango Edward Asit fs8.jpg USA
Eldon Mango Eldon Asit fs8.jpg USA
Emerald USA
Fazli (mango) Bangladesh, India
Fajri Kalan Pakistan
Fairchild USA
Fascell Mango Fascell2 Asit fs.jpg USA
Florigon Mango Florigon Asit fs8.jpg USA
Ford Mango Ford Asit fs8.jpg USA
Gary Gary mango.JPG USA
Glenn Mango Glenn Asit fs8.jpg Italy, USA
Gold Nugget Mango ATAULFO GOLD NUGGET Asit.jpg USA
Golden Lippens USA
Graham Mango Graham Asit fs8.jpg USA
Haden Australia, Brasil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, USA
Hatcher USA
Himsagar Mango Himsagar Asit ftg.jpg Bangladesh, India
Ice Cream USA
Irwin Mango Irwin Asit fs8.jpg Australia, Costa Rica, USA, Taiwan, Japan (Okinawa) In Japan this variety is marketed as Apple Mango, and in the case of imports from Japan one needs to take care not to confuse it with the Apple Mango grown in the Philippines.
Ivory
Mango IVORY Asit fs.JPG China Also known as the Jingu Ivory mango, or Ivory mango, this long, thin mango is named for its resemblance to a young elephant's tusk. It has thin skin, smooth skin. The flesh contains very few fibres, and constitutes approximately 82 percent of the fruit. It was first introduced into Yunnan, China from Thailand in 1914. The actual tree that was the first to be imported still grows, and during one year produced almost 500 kg of fruit.[4]
Jakarta Mango Jakarta Asit ftg.jpg USA
Jean Ellen Jean Ellen mango.JPG USA
Julie Ecuador, USA A colourful, potato shaped mango with a sweet-tart flavour and a tall growth habit. Very popular in the Caribbean Sea, including Jamaica the British Virgin Islands, the United States Virgin Islands, and Barbados.
Kalepad Andhra Pradesh, India
Keitt Mango ATAULFO KEITT Asit.jpg Australia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Italy, USA
Kensington Pride Mango Kensington Asit ftg.jpg Australia, Italy, USA
Kent Mango Kent Asit fs8.jpg Australia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Mexico, USA
Lakshmanbhog India
Lancetilla Mango Lancetilla Asit fs8.jpg Honduras, USA
Langra Vikramshila Agrovet 2 Langra Mango farm, Mathurapur, Bhagalpur Bihar.JPG Bangladesh, Pakistan (Sindh), India,
Lippens Mango Lippens Asit fs8.jpg USA
Madame Francis Haiti Large kidney shaped mango that ripens to a golden yellow colour with piquant flesh Commonly exported to the United States in spring; often a feature of NYC fruit stands.
Mallika Mango Mallika Asit fs.jpg India, Nepal, USA
Manilita USA
Momi K[5] Hawaii, USA Teardrop shaped with a narrow point. Ripens to a reddish orange blush. Flesh has creamy consistency.
Muhammad Wala Pakistan
Mulgoba Mango Mulgoba Asit fs8.jpg India, USA
Neelam India, Pakistan
Osteen Mango Osteen Asit ftg.jpg Italy, USA
Palmer Mango Palmer Asit fs8.jpg Australia, Brasil, United States
Parvin Parvin mango.JPG USA
Rosigold Rosigold mango.JPG United States
Ruby Mango Ruby Asit fs8.jpg United States
Saigon Mango Saigon Asit ftg.jpg United States
Sindhri Sindhri Mango.JPG Sindh Pakistan Sindhi Mango cultivated in Sindhri town Mirpur Khas district, Sindh province of Pakistan
Saharni Pakistan
Sammar Bahisht Pakistan, India
Sensation Mango Sensation Asit fs.jpg United States
Shan-e-Khuda Pakistan
Sindhri Sindhri Mango.JPG Mirpur Khas district, Sindh province of Pakistan Sindhi Mango cultivated in Sindhri town Mirpur Khas district, Sindh province of Pakistan
Sophie Fry Mango SophieFry Asit fs8.jpg United States
Southern Blush United States
Spirit of '76 United States
Springfels Mango Springfels Asit fs8.jpg United States
Sunset Sunset mango fruit.jpg United States
Tommy Atkins Mango TommyAtkins05 Asit.jpg Brasil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Mexico, United States, Venezuela One of the most commonly sold mangoes in the world. has extremely long shelf life. Hard and oblong exterior.
Torbert United States
Totapuri Mango Sandersha Asit fs8.jpg India
Valencia Pride Mango VALENCIA PRIDE ATAULFO VALENCIA PRIDE Asit.jpg United States
Van Dyke Mango VanDyke Asit fs8.jpg Italy, United States
Young United States
Zill Mango Zill Asit fs8.jpg United States

Referanser[rediger | rediger kilde]

  1. ^ «Mango». Besøkt 11.06.15. 
  2. ^ «Philippine Mango is the sweetest in the world, confirmed by Guinness Book of World Records». Besøkt May 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ «Manila Super Mango (Philippine Mango), the world's sweetest mango.». Besøkt May 7, 2015. 
  4. ^ «Jinggu "Ivory" Mango-Yunnan Tourism Website». En.ynta.gov.cn. Besøkt 21. mars 2014. 
  5. ^ http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/crops/i_mango.htm

Eksterne lenker[rediger | rediger kilde]


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