International Motorsports Hall of Fame

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International Motorsports Hall of Fame

International Motorsports Hall of Fame er et æresgalleri dedikert for å minnes de som har bidratt mest til bilsport og båtsport, enten som sjåfør, eier, konstruktør eller ingeniør. Selv om folk fra mange nasjonaliteter er blitt innlemmet, er legender som Juan Manuel Fangio, Stirling Moss og Ayrton Senna) er flertallet av de innlemmede amerikanske sjåfører som konkurrerte i den hjemlige serien (spesielt NASCAR). Bare to ikke-amerikanere er blitt innlemmet siden 2003.

Grunnleggelsen[rediger | rediger kilde]

Æresgalleriet ble opprettet i 1982 av Bill France, grunnleggeren av NASCAR, og museumsbygningen ligger for tiden i Lincoln i Alabama, i tilknytning til Talladega Superspeedway.

Kvalifikasjoner[rediger | rediger kilde]

For å bli nominert må personen ha vært pensjonert fra sin spesialitet i motorsport i minst fem år, med mindre det er godkjent på spesielle vilkår (alder eller verdig til spesiell tidlig innlemmelse). Kandidatene blir stemt på av et panel på 150 medlemmer fra amerikansk bilsport og bilsportsmedia.

På grunn av åpningen av NASCAR Hall of Fame, var det ingen som ble innlemmet i 2010.

Listen over innlemmede[rediger | rediger kilde]

Navn Inlemmet[1] Født - død Aktive år  Kategori motorsport Videre karriere
USA J. C. Agajanian 2009 1913–1984 1931–1971 Indianapolis 500
USA Bobby Allison 1993 b. 1937 1959–1988 NASCAR
USA Davey Allison 1998 1961–1993 1979–1993 NASCAR
USA Donnie Allison 2009 b. 1939 1966–1988 NASCAR
USA Joe Amato 2005 b. 1944 ?–2000 NHRA
USA Mario Andretti 2000 b. 1940 1953–1994 Formel 1, IndyCar, NASCAR, Sportsvognsracing
USA Art Arfons 2008[2] 1926–2007 1952–1971 land speed record, tractor pulling
Italia Alberto Ascari 1992 1918–1955 1930s–1955 Formel 1
USA Buck Baker 1990 1919–2002 1939–1976 NASCAR
USA Buddy Baker 1997 1941–2015 1959–1992 NASCAR Color commentator
USA Kenny Bernstein 2012 b. 1944 Dragracing Team owner
USA Tony Bettenhausen 1991 1916–1961 1940s–1961 Indianapolis 500
USA Neil Bonnett 2001 1946–1994 1974–1990 NASCAR
Australia Jack Brabham 1990 1926–2014 1946–1970 Formel 1 Founder of Brabham Motor Racing Developments
USA Craig Breedlove 2000 b. 1937 1963–1965 land speed records
USA Jimmy Bryan 2001 1926–1960 1952–1960 Indianapolis 500
Italia Ettore Bugatti 2002 1881–1947 N/A None Founder of Bugatti
USA Red Byron 2008 1915–1960 1932–1951 NASCAR SCCA manager
Storbritannia Malcolm Campbell 1990 1885–1948 1920s–1930s Grand Prix motor racing Land speed record breaker
Tyskland Rudolf Caracciola

1998

1901–1959 1922–1952 Grand Prix motor racing
Storbritannia Colin Chapman 1994 1928–1982 N/A None Founder of Lotus
USA Louis Chevrolet 1992 1878–1941 1915–1920 Indianapolis 500 Founder of Chevrolet and Frontenac
USA Richard Childress 2012 b. 1945 NASCAR Team owner
Storbritannia Jim Clark 1990 1936–1968 1958–1968 Formel 1, Indianapolis 500
USA Jerry Cook 2009 b. 1939 1969–1982 NASCAR Modified series
USA Briggs Cunningham 2003 1907–2003 1930–1966 Various Founder of Cunningham Racing
USA Ralph DePalma 1991 1884–1956 1906–1925 Indianapolis 500 Land speed record breaker
USA Junie Donlavey 2007 1924–2014 N/A NASCAR
USA Mark Donohue 1990 1937–1975 1959–1975 Sportsvognsracing, Indianapolis 500, NASCAR
USA Dale Earnhardt 2006 1951–2001 1975–2001 NASCAR
USA Ralph Earnhardt 1997 1928–1973 1956–1964 NASCAR
USA Richie Evans 1996 1941–1985 1962–1985 NASCAR
Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1990 1911–1995 1934–1958 Formel 1
USA Charles "Red" Farmer 2004 b. 1928? 1946–present as of 2007 NASCAR
Italia Enzo Ferrari 1994 1898–1988 1919–1927 Coppa Acerbo Founder of Ferrari
Brasil Emerson Fittipaldi 2003 b. 1946 1966–1996 Formel 1, Indianapolis 500
USA Tim Flock 1991 1924–1998 1949–1956 NASCAR
USA John Force 2012 Dragracing
USA Henry Ford 1993 1863–1947 1902 Various Grunnlegger av Ford
USA A. J. Foyt 2003 b. 1935 1956–1985 Champ Car, NASCAR, Sportsvognsracing Founder of A.J. Foyt Enterprises
USA Ray Fox 2003 1917–2014 1955–1972 NASCAR
USA Bill France, Jr. 2004 1933–2007 1960s–1970s NASCAR
USA Bill France, Sr. 1990 1909–1992 1936–1946 NASCAR, IMSA Founder of NASCAR; founder of IMSA
USA Harry Gant 2006 b. 1940 1967–1996 NASCAR
USA Don Garlits 1997 b. 1932 1950s–1992 Dragracing
USA Bob Glidden 2005 b. 1944 1960s–1997 Dragracing
USA Andy Granatelli 1992 1923-2013 1948 Indianapolis 500, CEO of STP
USA Peter H. Gregg 1992 1940–1980 1958–1980 IMSA GT Championship
USA Dan Gurney 1990 b. 1931 1958–1980 Formel 1, Indianapolis 500, Sportsvognsracing Owner, Chairman and CEO of AAR
USA Janet Guthrie 2006 b. 1938 1963–1980 Indianapolis 500, Daytona 500
Storbritannia Mike Hailwood 2001 1940–1981 1957–1979 Formel 1, Grand Prix motorcycle racing
USA Jim Hall 1997 b. 1935 1950s–1996 Formel 1, Indianapolis 500, Sportsvognsracing
USA Chip Hanauer 2005 b. 1954 Hydroplane racing
Storbritannia Donald Healey 1996 1898–1988 1920s–1930s Rally Founder of Donald Healey Motor Company
USA Ray Hendrick 2007 1929–1990 1956–1970s Modified racing
USA Rick Hendrick[3] 2013 b. 1949 1984–present NASCAR Modified racing; founder of Hendrick Motorsports
Storbritannia Graham Hill 1990 1929–1975 1958–1975 Formel 1, Indianapolis 500, Sportsvognsracing
USA Phil Hill 1991 1927–2008 1949–1967 Formel 1, Sportsvognsracing
USA Al Holbert 1993 1946–1988 1971–1988 Sportsvognsracing
USA John Holman 2011 1918-1975 1952–1972 NASCAR
USA Tony Hulman 1990 1901–1977 1946–1977 Owner of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway
New Zealand Denny Hulme 2002 1936–1992 1961–1974 Formel 1, Sportsvognsracing
USA Harry Hyde 2004 1925–1996 1965–1991 NASCAR
USA Dale Inman 2013 b. 1936 NASCAR Crew chief
USA Jack Ingram 2007 b. 1936 1960s–1991 NASCAR
USA Bobby Isaac 1996 1932–1977 1956–1977 NASCAR Land speed record breaker
Belgia Jacky Ickx 1996 b. 1945 1965–1985 Formel 1, Sportsvognsracing
USA Ned Jarrett 1991 b. 1932 1952–1965 NASCAR NASCAR-kommentator
USA Bill Jenkins[4] 2008 1931–2012 1950s–1976 Dragracing
USA Gordon Johncock 1990 b. 1937 1965–1992 Indianapolis 500
USA Junior Johnson 1990 b. 1931 1955–1966 NASCAR
USA Warren Johnson 2007 b. 1943 1971–present Dragracing
USA Parnelli Jones 1990 b. 1933 1950s–1974 Indianapolis 500, Can Am Series, Trans Am Series, NASCAR
USA Mel Kenyon 2003 b. 1933 1954–2005 Midget car racing
USA Alan Kulwicki 2002 1954–1993 1973–1993 NASCAR
USA Frank Kurtis 2008 1908–1987 1930s–1962 Various, chassis and engine builder
Østerrike Niki Lauda 1993 b. 1949 1960s–1979, 1982–1985 Formel 1
USA Fred Lorenzen 1991 b. 1932 1950s–1972 NASCAR
USA Tiny Lund 1994 1929–1975 1940s–1975 NASCAR
Storbritannia Nigel Mansell 2005 b. 1953 1976–1995, 1998 Formel 1, Indianapolis 500 endurance racing
USA John Marcum 1994 1913–1981 1930-mid-1940s ARCA founder NASCAR official
USA Banjo Matthews 1998 1932–1996 1952–1963 NASCAR
USA Rex Mays 1993 1913–1949

1934–1949

Indianapolis 500
New Zealand Bruce McLaren 1991 1937–1970 1952–1970 Formel 1, Sportsvognsracing McLaren founder
USA Rick Mears 1997 b. 1951 1970s–1992 Indianapolis 500
USA Louis Meyer 1992 1904–1995 1920s–1939 Indianapolis 500
USA Ralph Moody 1994 1917–2004 1935–1957 NASCAR owner
USA Bud Moore 2009 b. 1925 1961–2001 NASCAR owner
Storbritannia Stirling Moss 1990 b. 1929 1948–1962 Formel 1, Mille Miglia
USA Shirley Muldowney 2004 b. 1940 1970s–1984, late 1980s–2003 Dragracing
USA Bill Muncey 2004 1929–1981 1950s–1981 Hydroplane racing
Italia Tazio Nuvolari 1998 1892–1953 1920–1940s Grand Prix motor racing, Mille Miglia
USA Fred Offenhauser 2001 1888–1973 1913–1946 Forskjellig, motorkonstruktør
USA Barney Oldfield 1990 1878–1946 1902–1918 barnstormer, land speed record
USA Jan Opperman 2011 1939–1997 Sprint cars
USA Cotton Owens 2008 1924–2012 1950s–1964 NASCAR
USA Raymond Parks 2009 1914-2010 1938–1951 NASCAR
USA Wally Parks 1992 1913–2007 Dragracing
USA Benny Parsons 1994 1941–2007 1960s–1988 NASCAR NASCAR-kommentator
USA David Pearson 1990 b. 1934 1960–1986 NASCAR
USA Roger Penske 1998 b. 1937 1958–1965 Formel 1, NASCAR, Indy Car, Sports Car
USA Lee Petty 1990 1914–2000 1949–1964 NASCAR
USA Maurice Petty 2011 b. 1939 NASCAR Engine builder
USA Richard Petty 1997 b. 1937 1958–1992 NASCAR
Brasil Nelson Piquet 2000 b. 1952 1971–1991 Formel 1
Østerrike-Ungarn/Tsjekkoslovakia/Tyskland Ferdinand Porsche 1996 1875–1951 Porsche founder
Frankrike Alain Prost 1999 b. 1955 1969–1993 Formel 1
USA Don Prudhomme 2000 b. 1941 1959–1994j Dragracing
USA Bobby Rahal 2004 b. 1953 1970s–1998 CART, Formel 1 Co-founder of Rahal Letterman Racing
USA Wayne Rainey 2007 b. 1960 1982–1993 Grand Prix motorcycle racing/AMA Superbike
Storbritannia Brian Redman 2011 b. 1937 1968–1989 Formula racing, Sportsvognsracing
USA Tim Richmond 2002 1955–1989 1976–1989 NASCAR
USA Eddie Rickenbacker 1992 1890–1973 1912–1916 Indianapolis 500 Eide også Indianapolis Motor Speedway
USA Fireball Roberts 1990 1929–1964 1947–1964 NASCAR
USA Kenny Roberts 1992 b. 1951 1974, 1978–1983 Grand Prix motorcycle racing
USA Mauri Rose 1994 1906–1981 1941–1951 Indianapolis 500
USA Jack Roush 2006 b. 1942 NASCAR, Sportsvognsracing, Dragracing Grunnlegger av Roush Performance Racing
USA Johnny Rutherford 2006 b. 1938 1960s–1988 Indianapolis 500 NASCAR
USA Don Schumacher 2013 b. 1944 Dragracing
USA Wendell Scott 1999 1921–1990 1947–1973 NASCAR
USA Ralph Seagraves 2008 1929–1998 ?–1995 NASCAR, Dragracing initiated R. J. Reynolds sponsorship of motorsports
Brasil Ayrton Senna 2000 1960–1994 1973–1994 Formel 1
USA Wilbur Shaw 1991 1902–1954 1920s–1941 Indianapolis 500
USA Carroll Shelby 1991 1923–2012 1950s–1941 Sportsvognsracing, Formel 1 Grunnlegger av Carroll Shelby International
USA Bruton Smith 2007 b. 1927 N/A NASCAR
USA Louise Smith 1999 1916–2006 1949–1956 NASCAR
Storbritannia Jackie Stewart 1990 b. 1939 1963–1973 Formel 1
Ikke-eksisterende flaggmal[?] John Surtees 1996ø b. 1934 1952–1972 Formel 1, Grand Prix motorcycle racing
USA Herb Thomas 1994 1923–2000 1949–1962 NASCAR
USA Mickey Thompson 1990 1928–1988 1949–1962 Various - Dragracing, Off-road racing Speed and endurance record breaker
USA Curtis Turner 1992 1924–1970 1946–1961, 1965–1967 NASCAR
USA Al Unser 1998 b. 1939 1957–1994 CART
USA Bobby Unser 1990 b. 1934 1960s–1993 Indianapolis 500
USA Bill Vukovich 1990 1918–1955 1945–1955 Indianapolis 500
USA Rusty Wallace 2013 b. 1956 1970s-2005 NASCAR, USAC NASCAR-kommentator
USA Darrell Waltrip 2005 b. 1947 1960s–2000 NASCAR
USA Rodger Ward 1992 1921–2004 1950–1966 Indianapolis 500
USA A. J. Watson 2003 1924–2014 1948–1982 Indianapolis 500 engine builder
USA Joe Weatherly 1994 1922–1964 1946–1964 NASCAR, AMA nationals
USA Humpy Wheeler 2006 b. 1938 NASCAR None
USA Rex White 2011 b. 1929 1956–1964 NASCAR
USA Glen Wood 2002 b. 1925 1953–1964 NASCAR
USA Cale Yarborough 2002 b. 1938 1957–1988 NASCAR, Indianapolis 500
USA Smokey Yunick 1990 1925–2001 1930s NASCAR Motorcycle racing, Indianapolis 500

Referanser[rediger | rediger kilde]

  1. ^ International Motorsports Hall of Fame Members[død lenke]
  2. ^ Six inducted to International Hall; Yahoo; December 6, 2007; Retrieved December 13, 2007
  3. ^ https://sports.yahoo.com/news/hendricks-long-term-success-sees-205400666--nascar.html. 
  4. ^ «Arkivert kopi». Arkivert fra originalen 6. juli 2008. Besøkt 27. desember 2007.