George Santayana

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George Santayana
George Santayana.jpg
Født 16. desember 1863
Madrid
Død 26. september 1952
Roma
Utdannet ved Harvard University, Q1163723, King's College
Nasjonalitet Spania
Religion ateisme
Medlem av American Academy of Arts and Letters

Plakett på utsiden av konsentrasjonsleiren Auschwitz

George Santayana (født Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santayana y Borrás 16. desember 1863 i Madrid, død 26. september 1952 i Roma) var en spansk filosof, poet, professor og forfatter.

Han vokste opp og utdannet seg i USA, og så på seg selv som amerikaner, men beholdt sitt spanske statsborgerskap hele livet. Som 48 åring forlot han stillingen sin som professor på Harvard University og reiste til Europa, for å ikke returnere igjen.

Santayana er kjent for sine utsagn: «Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it» (De som ikke kan huske historien er dømt til å gjenta den) og «Only the dead have seen the end of war» (Kun de døde har sett slutten på krigen)

Bibliografi[rediger | rediger kilde]

Bøker
  • 1986. Persons and Places. Selvbiografi inkluderende: Persons and Places, 1944; The Middle Span, 1945; ogMy Host the World, 1953.
  • 1988 (1896). The Sense of Beauty.
  • 1990 (1900). Interpretations of Poetry and Religion
  • 1994 (1935). The Last Puritan: A Memoir in the Form of a Novel
  • The Letters of George Santayana. Over 3000 brev skrevet av Santayana til over 350 mottakere.
    • 2001. Book One, 1868–1909
    • 2001. Book Two, 1910–1920
    • 2002. Book Three, 1921–1927
    • 2003. Book Four, 1928–1932
    • 2003. Book Five, 1933–1936
    • 2004. Book Six, 1937–1940
    • 2005. Book Seven, 1941–1947
    • 2006. Book Eight, 1948–1952
  • 2011. George Santayana's Marginalia: A Critical Selection
  • The Life of Reason (fem bind)
    • 2011 (1905). Reason in Common Sense
Annet
  • 1905–1906. The Life of Reason: Or, The Phases of Human Progress, 5 bind. 1998. 1 vol.
  • 1910. Three Philosophical Poets: Lucretius, Dante, and Goethe.
  • 1913. Winds of Doctrine: Studies in Contemporary Opinion.
  • 1915. Egotism in German Philosophy.
  • 1920. Character and Opinion in the United States: With Reminiscences of William James and Josiah Royce and Academic Life in America.
  • 1920. Little Essays, Drawn From the Writings of George Santayana by Logan Pearsall Smith, With the Collaboration of the Author.
  • 1922. Soliloquies in England and Later Soliloquies.
  • 1923. Scepticism and Animal Faith: Introduction to a System of Philosophy.
  • 1927. Platonism and the Spiritual Life.
  • 1927–40. The Realms of Being, 4 bind. 1942. 1 vol.
  • 1931. The Genteel Tradition at Bay.
  • 1933. Some Turns of Thought in Modern Philosophy: Five Essays.
  • 1936. Obiter Scripta: Lectures, Essays and Reviews. Justus Buchler and Benjamin Schwartz, eds.
  • 1946. The Idea of Christ in the Gospels; or, God in Man: A Critical Essay.
  • 1948. Dialogues in Limbo, With Three New Dialogues.
  • 1951. Dominations and Powers: Reflections on Liberty, Society, and Government.
  • 1955. The Letters of George Santayana. Daniel Cory, ed. Charles Scribner's Sons. New York. (296 letters)
  • 1956. Essays in Literary Criticism of George Santayana. Irving Singer, ed.
  • 1957. The Idler and His Works, and Other Essays. Daniel Cory, ed.
  • 1967. The Genteel Tradition: Nine Essays by George Santayana. Douglas L. Wilson, ed.
  • 1967. George Santayana's America: Essays on Literature and Culture. James Ballowe, ed.
  • 1967. Animal Faith and Spiritual Life: Previously Unpublished and Uncollected Writings by George Santayana With Critical Essays on His Thought. John Lachs, ed.
  • 1968. Santayana on America: Essays, Notes, and Letters on American Life, Literature, and Philosophy. Richard Colton Lyon, ed.
  • 1968. Selected Critical Writings of George Santayana, 2 vols. Norman Henfrey, ed.
  • 1969. Physical Order and Moral Liberty: Previously Unpublished Essays of George Santayana. John and Shirley Lachs, eds.
  • 1979. The Complete Poems of George Santayana: A Critical Edition. Edited, with an introduction, by W. G. Holzberger. Bucknell University Press.
  • 1995. The Birth of Reason and Other Essays. Daniel Cory, ed., with an Introduction by Herman J. Saatkamp, Jr. Columbia Univ. Press.