George Santayana

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George Santayana
Plakatt på utsiden av konsentrasjonsleiren Auschwitz

George Santayana (født Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santayana y Borrás 16. desember 1863 i Madrid, død 26. september 1952 i Roma) var en spansk filosof, poet, professor og forfatter.

Han vokste opp og utdannet seg i USA, og så på seg selv som amerikaner, men beholdt sitt spanske statsborgerskap hele livet. Som 48 åring forlot han stillingen sin som professor på Harvard University og reiste til Europa, for å ikke returnere igjen.

Santayana er kjent for sine utsagn: «Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it» (De som ikke kan huske historien er dømt til å gjenta den) og «Only the dead have seen the end of war» (Kun de døde har sett slutten på krigen)

Bibliografi[rediger | rediger kilde]

Bøker
  • 1986. Persons and Places. Selvbiografi inkluderende: Persons and Places, 1944; The Middle Span, 1945; ogMy Host the World, 1953.
  • 1988 (1896). The Sense of Beauty.
  • 1990 (1900). Interpretations of Poetry and Religion
  • 1994 (1935). The Last Puritan: A Memoir in the Form of a Novel
  • The Letters of George Santayana. Over 3000 brev skrevet av Santayana til over 350 mottakere.
    • 2001. Book One, 1868–1909
    • 2001. Book Two, 1910–1920
    • 2002. Book Three, 1921–1927
    • 2003. Book Four, 1928–1932
    • 2003. Book Five, 1933–1936
    • 2004. Book Six, 1937–1940
    • 2005. Book Seven, 1941–1947
    • 2006. Book Eight, 1948–1952
  • 2011. George Santayana's Marginalia: A Critical Selection
  • The Life of Reason (fem bind)
    • 2011 (1905). Reason in Common Sense
Annet
  • 1905–1906. The Life of Reason: Or, The Phases of Human Progress, 5 bind. 1998. 1 vol.
  • 1910. Three Philosophical Poets: Lucretius, Dante, and Goethe.
  • 1913. Winds of Doctrine: Studies in Contemporary Opinion.
  • 1915. Egotism in German Philosophy.
  • 1920. Character and Opinion in the United States: With Reminiscences of William James and Josiah Royce and Academic Life in America.
  • 1920. Little Essays, Drawn From the Writings of George Santayana by Logan Pearsall Smith, With the Collaboration of the Author.
  • 1922. Soliloquies in England and Later Soliloquies.
  • 1923. Scepticism and Animal Faith: Introduction to a System of Philosophy.
  • 1927. Platonism and the Spiritual Life.
  • 1927–40. The Realms of Being, 4 bind. 1942. 1 vol.
  • 1931. The Genteel Tradition at Bay.
  • 1933. Some Turns of Thought in Modern Philosophy: Five Essays.
  • 1936. Obiter Scripta: Lectures, Essays and Reviews. Justus Buchler and Benjamin Schwartz, eds.
  • 1946. The Idea of Christ in the Gospels; or, God in Man: A Critical Essay.
  • 1948. Dialogues in Limbo, With Three New Dialogues.
  • 1951. Dominations and Powers: Reflections on Liberty, Society, and Government.
  • 1955. The Letters of George Santayana. Daniel Cory, ed. Charles Scribner's Sons. New York. (296 letters)
  • 1956. Essays in Literary Criticism of George Santayana. Irving Singer, ed.
  • 1957. The Idler and His Works, and Other Essays. Daniel Cory, ed.
  • 1967. The Genteel Tradition: Nine Essays by George Santayana. Douglas L. Wilson, ed.
  • 1967. George Santayana's America: Essays on Literature and Culture. James Ballowe, ed.
  • 1967. Animal Faith and Spiritual Life: Previously Unpublished and Uncollected Writings by George Santayana With Critical Essays on His Thought. John Lachs, ed.
  • 1968. Santayana on America: Essays, Notes, and Letters on American Life, Literature, and Philosophy. Richard Colton Lyon, ed.
  • 1968. Selected Critical Writings of George Santayana, 2 vols. Norman Henfrey, ed.
  • 1969. Physical Order and Moral Liberty: Previously Unpublished Essays of George Santayana. John and Shirley Lachs, eds.
  • 1979. The Complete Poems of George Santayana: A Critical Edition. Edited, with an introduction, by W. G. Holzberger. Bucknell University Press.
  • 1995. The Birth of Reason and Other Essays. Daniel Cory, ed., with an Introduction by Herman J. Saatkamp, Jr. Columbia Univ. Press.