Halford Mackinder

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Halford Mackinder
Halford Mackinder (1).jpg
FødtHalford John Mackinder
15. februar 1861[1][2][3][4]
Gainsborough
Død6. mars 1947[1][2][3][4] (86 år)
Bournemouth
Utdannet ved Christ Church, Epsom College
Beskjeftigelse
7 oppføringer
Geograf, politiker, diplomat, geopolitiker, statsviter, universitetslærer, fjellklatrer
Parti Det konservative parti
Nasjonalitet Storbritannia
Utmerkelser Patron’s Medal (1945)[5], Charles P. Daly Medal (1943)

Et kart fra Halford Mackinders The Geographical Pivot of History, 1904

Halford John Mackinder (født 15. februar 1861 i Gainsborough i England, død 6. mars 1947) var en britisk geograf og en av sin samtids viktigste teoretikere innenfor geopolitikk og geostrategi[trenger referanse]. For ettertiden er han mest kjent for kjernelandsteorien, som i korthet går ut på at kontrollen over det sentrale Eurasia er nøkkelen til verdensherredømmet.

Verker[rediger | rediger kilde]

  • Mackinder, H.J. On the Scope and Methods of Geography On the Scope and Methods of Geography, Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and Monthly Record of Geography, New Monthly Series, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Mar., 1887), pp. 141-174.
  • Mackinder, H.J. Sadler, M.E. University extension: has it a future?, London, Frowde, 1890.
  • Mackinder, H.J. “A Journey to the Summit of Mount Kenya, British East Africa”, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 15, No. 5 (May, 1900), pp. 453-476.
  • Mackinder, H.J. Britain and the British Seas. New York: D. Appleton and company, 1902.
  • Mackinder, H.J. "The geographical pivot of history". The Geographical Journal, 1904, 23, pp. 421–37.
  • Mackinder, H.J. “Man-Power as a Measure of National and Imperial Strength”, National and English Review, XIV, 1905.
  • Mackinder, HJ. "Geography and History", The Times. 9 February 1905.
  • Mackinder, H.J. Our own islands, an elementary study in geography, London: G. Philips, 1907
  • Mackinder, H.J. The Rhine: its valley & history. New York: Dodd, Mead. 1908.
  • Mackinder, H.J. Eight Lectures on India. London : Waterlow, 1910.
  • Mackinder, H.J. The modern British state : an introduction to the study of civics. London: G. Philip, 1914.
  • Mackinder, H.J. Democratic Ideals and Reality. New York: Holt, 1919.
  • Mackinder, H.J. 1943. "The round world and the winning of the peace", Foreign Affairs, 21 (1943) 595-605.

Referanser[rediger | rediger kilde]

  1. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 9. okt. 2017, Halford Mackinder, biography/Halford-John-Mackinder
  2. ^ a b Autorités BnF, 10. okt. 2015, http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12169756k
  3. ^ a b Brockhaus Enzyklopädie, 9. okt. 2017, Halford John Mackinder, mackinder-halford-john
  4. ^ a b SNAC, 9. okt. 2017, Halford Mackinder, w6dj7j5k
  5. ^ Gold Medal Recipients

Litteratur[rediger | rediger kilde]

  • Hanno Beck: Sir Halford Mackinder – Schöpfer des einflußreichsten Weltbildes der Neuzeit (1861–1947). In: Hanno Beck: Große Geographen. Pioniere - Außenseiter - Gelehrte. Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin 1982, ISBN 3-496-00507-6, S. 229–240
  • Gerry Kearns: Geopolitics and empire. The legacy of Halford Mackinder, Oxford u.a. (Oxford University Press) 2009. ISBN 978-0-19-923011-2
  • Alexandros Petersen: The World Island. Eurasian geopolitics and the fate of the West, Santa Barbara, CAL (Praeger) 2011. ISBN 978-0-313-39137-8
  • Brian W. Blouet: Halford Mackinder. A biography, Texas A&M University Press 1987. ISBN 0-89096-292-8

Eksterne lenker[rediger | rediger kilde]