Mal:Cite patent

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This template identifies a patent or patent application and links to the patents entry in the espacenet database, and also provides some additional information about the cited patent. Suggested uses are within a pair of <ref></ref> tags or as part of a (patent) bibliography at the end of the article.

General patent template for citing patents or patent applications from any country is drawn from the espacenet database. This database is more useful than the USPTO database since it highlights related patents/applications in other countries as well as providing current status information and offers a multi-language interface (English/French/German).

Usage[rediger kilde]

Copy the below into an article to reference a patent

{{cite patent
| country = 
| number = 
| status = 
| title = 
| pubdate = 
| gdate = 
| fdate = 
| pridate = 
| inventor =
| invent1 = 
| invent2 = 
| assign1 = 
| assign2 = 
| class = 
}}

Parameters[rediger kilde]

The fields should be filled in with the following information

{{cite patent
| country = <!-- two letter country code -->
| number = <!-- patent or patent application publication number -->
| status = <!-- application/patent -->
| title = <!-- title -->
| pubdate = <!-- YYYY-MM-DD -->
| gdate = <!-- YYYY-MM-DD -->
| fdate = <!-- YYYY-MM-DD -->
| pridate = <!-- YYYY-MM-DD -->
| inventor = <!-- list of inventors (free format) -->
| invent1 = <!-- first inventor name -->
| invent2 = <!-- second inventor name -->
| assign1 = <!-- first assignee name -->
| assign2 = <!-- second assignee name -->
| class = <!-- ECLA classification -->
}}

Explanation of fields:

  1. The country must be the two letter country code, e.g. "US" or "WO" (for international patent applications)
  2. Do not put commas in patent number
  3. Applications must be identified by publication number
  4. Add " | title = title " to display the title. Required
  5. Add " | status = application " if the citation is a pending application. Preferably include " | status = patent " if a granted patent.
  6. Add " | assign1 = assignee " to display the assignee. Increase the numeral for subsequent assignees. Template currently handles two assignees.
  7. Add " | inventor = inventor list to provide the inventor names. Displayed by the template but not used to generate COinS meta data. If |inventor= is present but blank, no inventor names will be displayed, even if |invent1= contains a name.
  8. Add " | invent1 = inventor last name, inventor first name " to provide the inventor name. Displayed by the template and also used to generate COinS meta data. Increase the numeral for subsequent inventors. Template currently handles four inventors.
  9. Add " | pubdate = YYYY-MM-DD " to provide the publication date of an application. This is only displayed if "status=application" is included. For granted patents, use gdate. Required if "status=application".
  10. Add " | gdate = YYYY-MM-DD " to provide the date of grant of a patent. Is displayed unless "status=application" is included. Preferentially include "status=patent" to confirm that the patent is granted, but this is not required. Required unless "status=application".
  11. Add " | pridate = YYYY-MM-DD " to provide the (earliest) priority date. Not displayed, but could be useful to include for future reference. Including multiple priorities unnecessarily complicated.
  12. Add " | fdate = YYYY-MM-DD " to provide the filing date. Not displayed, but used to generate COinS meta data and may prove useful in future.
  13. Add " |class=ECLA classification " to provide the ECLA classification. Not displayed, but could be useful to include for future reference. Might be possible to automatically link to the relevant classification in future, but urls are complex.

Details[rediger kilde]

The "country" parameter must be a two letter country code without periods (e.g. US or EP, not U.S., USA, or E.P.)

The number parameter must be the patent number or patent application publication number without any intervening commas or other punctuation (e.g. 2135432, not 2,135,432; likewise, 2005108455, not 2005/108455). You may need to experiment with the precise form for published US patent applications or PCT applications, which are slightly unusual. Help for getting the correct number format can be found here.

Add "|status=application" (without quotes) if you are citing a patent application rather than a patent. Patent applications must be referred to by publication number, not application number.

One (or both) of the publication date or the grant date must be included, as must the title.

Examples[rediger kilde]

To cite WIPO (aka PCT) patent application WO 2005/083605 A1, use:

{{cite patent
| country = WO
| number = 2005083605
| status = application
| title = Insurance fee calculation device, insurance fee calculation program,
insurance fee calculation method, and insurance fee calculation system
| pubdate = 2005-09-09
| fdate = 2005-02-24
| pridate = 2004-02-26
| invent1 = Kozakai Toshihiko
| assign1 = Aioi Insurance Co Ltd
}}

Results in: WO application 2005083605, Kozakai Toshihiko, "Insurance fee calculation device, insurance fee calculation program, insurance fee calculation method, and insurance fee calculation system", published 2005-09-09, assigned to Aioi Insurance Co Ltd 

To cite US patent 7,143,445, use:

{{cite patent |country=US |number=7143445 |status=patent}}

Results in: US patent 7143445 

To cite US patent 7,143,445, published 2006-11-28, use:

{{cite patent |country=US |number=7143445 |gdate=2006-11-28}}

Results in: US 7143445, issued 2006-11-28 

To cite US patent application 2006265789 use:

{{cite patent |country=US |number=2006265789 |status=application}}

Results in: US application 2006265789 

To cite European patent application 1727416, use:

{{cite patent |country=EP |number=1727416 |status=application}}

Results in: EP application 1727416 

COinS[rediger kilde]

Mal:UF-COinS

TemplateData[rediger kilde]

Dette er TemplateData-dokumentasjonen for denne malen brukt av VisualEditor og andre verktøy; Mal:Template error report

TemplateData for Cite patent

General patent template for citing patents or patent applications from any country is drawn from the espacenet database.

Malparametre

ParameterBeskrivelseTypeStatus
countryCountryCode country-code country

two letter country code (ISO 3166-1 alpha-2); the top 10 countries by patent application in 2011 were - JP=Japan, CN=China, US=United States, KR=South Korea, DE=Germany, FR=France, GB=United Kingdom, CH=Switzerland, NL=Netherlands, RU=Russia

tekstlinjevalgfri
numberPublicationNumber publication-number patent-number number

patent or patent application publication number ... do not include commas (e.g. 1,700,545 should be 1700545)

tekstlinjepåkrevd
titleTitle

patent title

Strengpåkrevd
statusDescription description status

application or patent - if granted, use patent

Standard
application -or- patent
tekstlinjevalgfri
publication datePublicationDate publication-date pubdate

the publication date of an application, required if status/description=application; use format YYYY-MM-DD

Standard
YYYY-MM-DD
tekstlinjevalgfri
filing dateFilingDate fdate

the filing date; this is not displayed, but is used to generate COinS meta data and may have future utility.

Standard
YYYY-MM-DD
tekstlinjevalgfri
priority datePriorityDate pridate

the (earliest) priority date; this is not displayed, but could be useful to include for future reference. Including multiple priorities is unnecessarily complicated.

Standard
YYYY-MM-DD
Ukjentvalgfri
issue dateIssueDate issue-date gdate

the date of grant (issuance) of a patent; required if status/description _is not_ "application"

Standard
YYYY-MM-DD
Ukjentvalgfri
Inventor 1 - SurnameSurname1 inventor-surname inventor1-surname inventor-last inventor1-last inventor invent-1 invent1

surname - 1st inventor

tekstlinjevalgfri
Inventor 2 - SurnameSurname2 inventor2-surname inventor2-last inventor2 invent2

surname - 2nd inventor

tekstlinjevalgfri
Inventor 3 - SurnameSurname3 inventor3-surname inventor3-last inventor3 invent3

surname - 3rd inventor

tekstlinjevalgfri
Inventor 4 - SurnameSurname4 inventor4-surname inventor4-last inventor4 invent4

surname - 4th inventor

tekstlinjevalgfri
Inventor 1 - given nameGiven1 inventor-given inventor1-given inventor-first inventor1-first

given name - 1st inventor

tekstlinjevalgfri
Inventor 2 - given nameGiven2 inventor2-given inventor2-first

given name - 2nd inventor

tekstlinjevalgfri
Inventor 3 - given nameGiven3 inventor3-given inventor3-first

given name - 3rd inventor

tekstlinjevalgfri
Inventor 4 - given nameGiven4 inventor4-given inventor4-first

given name - 4th inventor

tekstlinjevalgfri
Inventor 1 - wikipedia articleInventorlink1 inventorlink1 inventorlink

add biographical article name, no square brackets

Sidevalgfri
Inventor 2 - wikipedia articleInventorlink2 inventorlink2

add biographical article name, no square brackets

Sidevalgfri
Inventor 3 - wikipedia articleInventorlink3 inventorlink3

add biographical article name, no square brackets

Sidevalgfri
Inventor 4 - wikipedia articleInventorlink4 inventorlink4

add biographical article name, no square brackets

Sidevalgfri
Assignee - firstAssignee1 asign1

first assignee's name

tekstlinjevalgfri
Asignee - secondAssignee2 assign2

second assignee's name

tekstlinjevalgfri

See also[rediger kilde]

Mal:Basepage subpage