Huang-Lao-daoismen

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Huang-Lao-daoismen (kinesisk: 黄老道; pinyin: Huang-Lao dao = portmanteau for «Den gule keisers og Laozis daoisme», eller kinesisk: 黄老学派; pinyin: Huang-Lao xuepai = «... .. ...-skoleretningen»), var en skoleretning innen daoismen og legalismende stridende staters tid og det tidlige Handynastiets tid, og som påberopte seg de mytologiske skikkelser Huangdi (Den gule keiser) og Laozi.

Huang-Lao-daoismen var en viktig skole som betød mye for utformingen av den modne daoisme. Den gikk inn for at man skulle frasi seg lengselen etter rikdom og udødelighetsstatus. Teorien om regjeringskunst ved ikke-handling (wu wei) ble omsatt i virkelighet av skoleretningens tilhengere.

I den gamle historiefremstillingen Shiji regnes filosofene Shen Dao, Tian Pian, Jiezi og Huan Yuan - alle medlemmer av Jixia-akademiet - tilregnet denne skoleretningen, og likeså trekker den tråder til Shen Buhais og Han Feis filosofi.

I 1973 ble oppdaget man i Han-grav nr. 3 i Mawangdui verkene Jingfa (经法) og Shiliujing (十六经), som begge gjengir viktige tekster fra denne skoleretningen.

Litteratur[rediger | rediger kilde]

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  • Carrozza, Paola. (2002), "A Critical Review of the Principal Studies on the Four Manuscripts Preceding the B Version of the Mawangdui Laozi," B.C. Asian Review 13:49-69.
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  • Peerenboom, Randall P. (1993), Law and Morality in Ancient China: The Silk Manuscripts of Huang-Lao, SUNY Press.
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  • Tu Wei-ming (1979), "The 'Thought of Huang-Lao': A Reflection on the Lao tzu and Huang ti Texts in the Silk Manuscripts of Ma-wang-tui," Journal of Asian Studies 39:95-110.
  • Van Ess, Hans (1993) The Meaning of Huang-Lao in Shiji and Hanshu, Études chinoises XII.2.
  • Schwartz, Benjamin J. (1985), The World of Thought in Ancient China, Belknap Press.
  • Yates, Robin D.S. (1997), Five Lost Classics: Tao, Huang-lao, and Yin-yang in Han China, Ballantine Books.
  • Yates, Robin D.S. (2008), "Huang-Lao 黃老," in The Encyclopedia of Taoism, ed. by Fabrizio Pregadio, 508-510.
  • Yu Mingguang 余明光 (1993), Huangdi sijing jinzhu jinyi (黃帝四經今註今譯). Yuelu shushe (岳麓书社).

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