Pinetree Line

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Kart som i grove trekk viser de tre forsvarslinjer. Fra nord til syd: Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line, Mid-Canada Line, og Pinetree Line.

Pinetree Line var en serie med radarstasjoner tvers over de nordlige Forente stater og det sydlige Canada som i store trekk gikk langs den 50. bredegrad sammen med andre stasjoner langs atlanterhavskysten og stillehavskysten. Pinetree Line ble operert av NORAD (etter at det ble dannet). Over halvparten ble bemannet av personell fra United States Air Force og resten fra Royal Canadian Air Force. Radarstasjonene var det første samordnede system for tidlig oppsporing av et mulig bombeangrep fra Sovjetsamveldet mot Nord-Amerika, men før den tidlige radarteknologi fra 1950-tallet ble utdatert og systemet var i full drift.

Historie[rediger | rediger kilde]

Planer for det som skulle bli Pinetree Line kom så tidlig som i 1946 innen Permanent Joint Board on Defence (PJBD), en felles amerikansk-canadisk organisasjon. Likevel, kostnadene ved drift av et slikt system i etterkrigstiden var før høye. I stedet konsentrerte Canada seg om områdene rundt Ontario og Quebec, mens USA satte opp stasjoner i Midtvesten og langs Østkysten.

Radarstasjoner[rediger | rediger kilde]

Anlegg nr. Navn. Provins. Beliggenhet Ansvarsområde. Tjeneste Tatt i bruk. Nedlagt.
C-53 CFS Alsask Saskatchewan Saskatchewan 51°22′00″N 109°58′59″V 44 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1953 1986
C-15 CFS Armstrong Ontario Ontario 50°18′19″N 089°00′49″V 914th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

38 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1952 1974
C-20 CFS Baldy Hughes Britisk Columbia Britisk Columbia 53°37′06″N 122°56′08″V 918th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

54 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1953 1988
C-102 CFS Barrington Nova Scotia Nova Scotia 43°27′06″N 065°28′17″V} 672d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

23 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1957 1990
C-17 CFS Beausejour Manitoba Manitoba 50°08′53″N 096°13′24″V 916th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

48 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1953 1988
C-11 RCAF Beaverbank Nova Scotia Nova Scotia 44°55′49″N 063°43′33″V 22 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1954 1964
C-21 RCAF Saskatoon Mountain

CFS Beaverlodge

Alberta Alberta 55°13′51″N 119°18′19″V 919th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

57 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1953 1988
N-28A Cape Makkovik Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 55°13′30″N 059°08′45″V 923d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1957 1961
N-27 Cartwright Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 53°43′28″N 056°57′51″V 922d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1953 1968
C-42 CFS Chibougamau Québec Québec 49°56′53″N 074°20′03″V 10 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1962 1988
C-36 CFS Cold Lake Alberta Alberta 54°26′05″N 110°10′47″V 42 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1954 1991
C-35 CFB Comox Britisk Columbia Britisk Columbia 49°42′39″N 124°53′12″V 51 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1954 1958
N-27A Cut Throat Island Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 54°29′47″N 057°08′00″V 922d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1957 1961
C-52 CFS Dana Saskatchewan Saskatchewan 52°16′42″N 105°46′09″V 45 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1964 1987
C-4 CFS Edgar Ontario Ontario 44°31′47″N 079°39′33″V 31 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1953 1964
N-22B Elliston Ridge Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 48°37′33″N 053°03′31″V 642d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1957 1961
C-9 CFS Falconbridge Ontario Ontario 46°37′34″N 080°50′36″V 33 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1952 1986
N-27C Fox Harbour Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 52°22′12″N 055°39′52″V 922d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1957 1961
C-3 CFS Foymount Ontario Ontario 45°26′01″N 077°18′08″V 32 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1952 1974
N-31 Frobisher Bay AB Nunavut Nunavut 63°45′21″N 068°32′23″V 926th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1953 1961
N-25 CFB Gander Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 48°56′36″N 054°34′57″V 226 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1953 1990
C-24 Goose Air Force Base Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 53°19′09″N 060°25′33″V Goose Air Defense Sector

64th Air Division
37th Air Division

USAF 1953 1971
C-49 CFS Gypsumville Manitoba Manitoba 51°39′51″N 098°44′31″V 47 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1962 1987
C-18 CFS Holberg Britisk Columbia Britisk Columbia 50°38′25″N 128°07′48″V 501 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

53 Radar Squadron

RCAF 1954 1991
N-28 Hopedale Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 55°27′59″N 060°13′47″V} 923d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1953 1968
C-153 CFS Kamloops Britisk Columbia Britisk Columbia 50°48′08″N 120°07′36″V 825th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

56 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1957 1988
C-2 CFS Lac St. Denis Québec Québec 45°56′15″N 074°18′41″V 11 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1952 1986
N-26B La Scie Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 49°58′50″N 055°31′48″V 921st Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1957 1961
C-119 CFS Lowther Ontario Ontario 49°33′21″N 082°59′31″V 639th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

36 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1957 1987
N-24 Melville Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 53°17′45″N 060°32′24″V 107th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

641st Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron
641 Aircraft Control and Radar Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1953 1988
C-33 CFS Moisie Québec Québec 50°11′39″N 066°05′16″V 211 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1953 1988
C-1 CFS Mont Apica Québec Québec 47°58′41″N 071°25′51″V 12 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1952 1990
C-44 CFS Moosonee Ontario Ontario 51°17′10″N 080°37′23″V 15 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1961 1975
C-14 RCAF Station Pagwa Ontario Ontario 50°01′04″N 085°15′06″V 913th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

37 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1952 1966
C-7 RCAF Parent Québec Québec 47°53′15″N 074°40′09″V 14 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1954 1964
C-54 CFS Penhold Alberta Alberta 52°11′16″N 113°34′41″V 43 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1964 1986
C-19 RCAF Station Puntzi Mountain Britisk Columbia Britisk Columbia 52°09′41″N 124°12′22″V 917th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

55 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1952 1966
C-10 CFS Ramore Ontario Ontario 48°25′37″N 080°14′30″V 912th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

35 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1953 1974
N-30 CFS Resolution Island Nunavut Nunavut 61°35′47″N 064°38′18″V 920th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1951 1961
N-29 Saglek Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 58°29′19″N 062°35′08″V 924th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1953 1970
C-8 CFS Senneterre Québec Québec 48°21′41″N 077°13′21″V 34 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1953 1988
C-16 CFS Sioux Lookout Ontario Ontario 50°04′59″N 092°00′08″V 915th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

39 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron

USAF

RCAF

1953 1987
N-27B Spotted Island Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 53°31′05″N 055°44′56″V 922d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1957 1961
N-26 Saint Anthony Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 51°20′57″N 055°36′39″V 921st Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1953 1968
N-22 Red Cliff Air Station

St. Johns Air Station

Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 47°38′20″N 052°40′02″V 642d Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron USAF 1953 1961
C-5 CFS St. Margarets New Brunswick New Brunswick 46°54′31″N 065°12′31″V 21 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1953 1988
C-6 RCAF St. Sylvestre Québec Québec 46°22′04″N 071°13′51″V 206 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1955 1964
N-23 Stephenville Air Station Newfoundland og Labrador Newfoundland og Labrador 48°35′21″N 058°39′51″V 105th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

640th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron

USAF 1952 1971
C-34 CFS Sydney Nova Scotia Nova Scotia 46°10′03″N 060°09′52″V 221 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1954 1991
C-36 RCAF Tofino Britisk Columbia Britisk Columbia 49°04′55″N 125°46′51″V 52 Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron RCAF 1955 1957
C-51 CFS Yorkton Saskatchewan Saskatchewan 51°17′41″N 102°36′21″V 46 Aircraft Control and Warning (later Radar) Squadron RCAF 1963 1986