Ordliste for matematikk

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Ordliste for matematikk inneholder termer som beskriver områder som er eller har vært studert innen matematikk.

Innhold: Top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Æ Ø Å

Termer[rediger | rediger kilde]

A
  • absolute geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • abstract analytic number theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • abstract differential geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • abstrakt algebraBlue pencil.svg – gren av matematikken
  • additive number theoryBlue pencil.svg – study of subsets of integers and behavior under addition
  • affin geometriBlue pencil.svg
  • affine differential geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • affine geometry of curvesBlue pencil.svg
  • Ahlfors theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • algebraBlue pencil.svg – topic in mathematics
  • algebra representationBlue pencil.svg
  • algebraic analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • algebraic combinatoricsBlue pencil.svg – application of abstract algebra to combinatorics problems
  • algebraic graph theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • algebraic number theoryBlue pencil.svg – major branch of number theory
  • algebraic statisticsBlue pencil.svg
  • algebraisk geometriBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics
  • algebraisk K-teoriBlue pencil.svg
  • algebraisk topologiBlue pencil.svg – gren av matematikken
  • anabelian geometryBlue pencil.svg – area of mathematics
  • Analytic combinatoricsBlue pencil.svg
  • analytic number theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • analytisk geometriBlue pencil.svg – study of geometry using a coordinate system
  • anvendt matematikkBlue pencil.svg – disiplin innen matematikken
  • approximation theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Arakelov theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • arithmetic combinatoricsBlue pencil.svg
  • arithmetic dynamicsBlue pencil.svg
  • arithmetic topologyBlue pencil.svg
  • aritmetikkBlue pencil.svg – elementary branch of mathematics
  • Asymptotic analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • asymptotic theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Auslander–Reiten theoryBlue pencil.svg
B
  • bifurcation theoryBlue pencil.svg – area of mathematics
  • birational geometryBlue pencil.svg
C
  • C*-algebraBlue pencil.svg
  • calculus of moving surfacesBlue pencil.svg
  • categorical logicBlue pencil.svg – branch of category theory within mathematics, adjacent to mathematical logic but more notable for its connections to theoretical computer science.
  • category theoryBlue pencil.svg – logic and mathematics
  • character theoryBlue pencil.svg – group theory of mathematics
  • class field theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • classical mathematicsBlue pencil.svg – refers generally to the mainstream approach to mathematics, which is based on classical logic and ZFC set theory. It stands in contrast to other types of mathematics such as constructive mathematics or predicative mathematics
  • Clifford analysisBlue pencil.svg – analysis of Clifford-algebra-valued functions
  • Clifford theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • cobordismBlue pencil.svg
  • cohomologyBlue pencil.svg
  • combinatorial commutative algebraBlue pencil.svg
  • Combinatorial designBlue pencil.svg
  • combinatorial game theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • combinatorial group theoryBlue pencil.svg – theory of free groups, and the concept of a presentation of a group by generators and relations.
  • combinatorial topologyBlue pencil.svg
  • commutative algebraBlue pencil.svg – branch of algebra that studies commutative rings
  • complex dynamicsBlue pencil.svg
  • complex geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Complexity theoryBlue pencil.svg – Wikipedia disambiguation page
  • computability theoryBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematical logic, computer science, and the theory of computation studying computable functions and Turing degrees
  • computable analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • computable model theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • computational geometryBlue pencil.svg – branch of computer science
  • computational group theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • computational mathematicsBlue pencil.svg – area of mathematics
  • computational number theoryBlue pencil.svg – study of algorithms for performing number theoretic computations
  • computational topologyBlue pencil.svg – subfield of topology with an overlap with areas of computer science
  • computer algebraBlue pencil.svg
  • conformal geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Constructive analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • constructive function theoryBlue pencil.svg – field that studies the connection between the smoothness of a function and its degree of approximation
  • Constructive quantum field theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • constructive set theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • contact geometryBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics
  • convex analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • convex geometryBlue pencil.svg – branch of geometry that studies convex sets
  • CR manifoldBlue pencil.svg
D
  • dataBlue pencil.svg – handsamlege fakta
  • descriptive set theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • differensialgeometriBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics
  • differensialrekningBlue pencil.svg – subfield of calculus
  • Differensiell flategeometriBlue pencil.svg – deals with the differential geometry of smooth surfaces with various additional structures, most often, a Riemannian metric
  • differential algebraic geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • differential Galois theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • differential geometry of curvesBlue pencil.svg
  • differential topologyBlue pencil.svg
  • DiffietyBlue pencil.svg
  • diofantisk ligningBlue pencil.svg – polynomial equation with integer solutions
  • diophantine geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Discrepancy theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • discrete differential geometryBlue pencil.svg – study of discrete counterparts of notions in differential geometry
  • discrete exterior calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • discrete geometryBlue pencil.svg – branch of geometry that studies combinatorial properties and constructive methods of discrete geometric objects
  • Discrete Morse theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • diskret matematikkBlue pencil.svg – study of mathematical structures
  • distance geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • domain theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Donaldson theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • dynamisk systemteoriBlue pencil.svg – area of mathematics used to describe the behavior of complex dynamical systems, usually by employing differential equations or difference equations
E
  • Effective descriptive set theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • egenlikhetBlue pencil.svg
  • elementær algebraBlue pencil.svg
  • ElementærmatematikkBlue pencil.svg
  • elimination theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • elliptic geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • enumerative combinatoricsBlue pencil.svg – area of combinatorics that deals with the number of ways that certain patterns can be formed
  • enumerative geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Ergodic Ramsey theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • ergodic theoryBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics that studies dynamical systems
  • Euklidsk geometriBlue pencil.svg
  • Euler calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • experimental mathematicsBlue pencil.svg
  • extremal combinatoricsBlue pencil.svg – study of maximum or minimum size of a set under given conditions
  • Extremal graph theoryBlue pencil.svg
F
  • field of setsBlue pencil.svg
  • finite geometryBlue pencil.svg – area of mathematics
  • finite model theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Finsler manifoldBlue pencil.svg
  • formal logikkBlue pencil.svg – subfield of mathematics
  • FourieranalyseBlue pencil.svg
  • Fractional calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • Fractional-order systemBlue pencil.svg
  • Fredholm theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Functional calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • FunksjonalanalyseBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematical analysis
  • fuzzy mathematicsBlue pencil.svg
  • Fuzzy measure theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • fuzzy setBlue pencil.svg – sets whose elements have degrees of membership
G
  • Galois cohomologyBlue pencil.svg
  • Galois geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Galois theoryBlue pencil.svg – connection between field theory and group theory
  • gaugeteoriBlue pencil.svg
  • general topologyBlue pencil.svg
  • generalized trigonometryBlue pencil.svg
  • geometriBlue pencil.svg – gren av matematikken
  • geometric algebraBlue pencil.svg – associative algebra contracting a vector subspace into scalars
  • geometric analysisBlue pencil.svg – mathematical discipline at the interface of differential geometry and differential equations
  • geometric calculusBlue pencil.svg – infinitesimal calculus on functions defined on a geometric algebra
  • Geometric combinatoricsBlue pencil.svg
  • geometric function theoryBlue pencil.svg – study of geometric properties of analytic functions
  • geometric graph theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • geometric group theoryBlue pencil.svg – area in mathematics devoted to the study of finitely generated groups
  • geometric invariant theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • geometric measure theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • geometric topologyBlue pencil.svg
  • geometry of numbersBlue pencil.svg – a mathematical theory of convex bodies in integer lattices
  • gitterBlue pencil.svg – partially ordered set of pairs of elements
  • global analysisBlue pencil.svg – study of the global and topological properties of differential equations on manifolds and vector space bundles
  • Glossary of arithmetic and Diophantine geometryBlue pencil.svg – Wikimedia-listeartikkel
  • grafteoriBlue pencil.svg – study of graphs, which are mathematical structures used to model pairwise relations between objects
  • group representationBlue pencil.svg
  • gruppeBlue pencil.svg – set with an invertible, associative internal operation admitting a neutral element
  • gruppeteoriBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics that studies the algebraic properties of groups
  • Gyrovector spaceBlue pencil.svg
H
  • harmonisk analyseBlue pencil.svg
  • Higher category theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • higher-dimensional algebraBlue pencil.svg
  • Hodge theoryBlue pencil.svg – theory that represents de Rham cohomology classes on compact Riemannian manifolds by harmonic forms
  • holomorphic functional calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • homologiBlue pencil.svg – mathematics
  • homologisk algebraBlue pencil.svg – area of mathematics
  • homotopiBlue pencil.svg – deformation
  • hyperbolsk geometriBlue pencil.svg
  • hypercomplex analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • hyperfunctionBlue pencil.svg
I
  • Ideal theoryBlue pencil.svg – Wikimedia-pekerside
  • ikke-euklidsk geometriBlue pencil.svg – consists of two geometries based on axioms closely related to those specifying Euclidean geometry.
  • ImpredicativityBlue pencil.svg
  • Infinitary combinatoricsBlue pencil.svg
  • information geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • insidensgeometriBlue pencil.svg – the mathematical study of incidence structures
  • integralBlue pencil.svg – operation in calculus
  • integral geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • intersection theoryBlue pencil.svg – branch of algebraic geometry
  • Intuitionistic type theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • invariant theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • inversionBlue pencil.svg – mathematical operation on Euclidian spaces
  • Itō calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • Iwasawa theoryBlue pencil.svg
K
  • K-homologyBlue pencil.svg
  • K-theoryBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics
  • kalkulusBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics
  • kaosteoriBlue pencil.svg – field of mathematics about dynamical systems highly sensitive to initial conditions
  • Katastrofeteorien i matematikkBlue pencil.svg – area of mathematics
  • KK-theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Klein geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • knippeBlue pencil.svg – object in mathematics
  • knot theoryBlue pencil.svg – study of mathematical knots
  • kombinatorikkBlue pencil.svg – branch of discrete mathematics
  • Kompleks analyseBlue pencil.svg
  • kompleksitetsteoriBlue pencil.svg – theoretical computer science and mathematics theory that classifies problems according to their inherent difficulty, and relates those classes to each other
  • kroppBlue pencil.svg – algebraisk struktur
  • Kummer theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • kvaternionerBlue pencil.svg – number system that extends the complex numbers
  • Kähler manifoldBlue pencil.svg
L
  • L-theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Large deviations theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • lavdimensjonal topologiBlue pencil.svg – branch of topology that studies topological spaces of four or fewer dimensions
  • Lie algebra representationBlue pencil.svg – homomorphism of Lie algebras whose codomain is the endomorphism algebra of a vector space
  • Lie sphere geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Lie theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Lie-gruppeBlue pencil.svg
  • lineær algebraBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics
  • lineær transformasjonBlue pencil.svg – mapping that preserves the operations of addition and scalar multiplication
  • LinjekoordinatarBlue pencil.svg
  • List of graphical methodsBlue pencil.svg – Wikimedia-listeartikkel
  • Local class field theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • local ringBlue pencil.svg – ring with unique one-sided ideal
M
  • Malliavin calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • Mans Not HotBlue pencil.svg – Big Shaq song
  • matematisk analyseBlue pencil.svg – branch of pure mathematics
  • matematisk fysikkBlue pencil.svg – use of mathematics to solve physics problems
  • Matematisk konstruktivismeBlue pencil.svg – constructive viewpoint involves a verificational interpretation of the existential quantifier, which is at odds with its classical interpretation
  • matematisk statistikkBlue pencil.svg – branch of statistics, mathematical methods are used here
  • Mathematical sciencesBlue pencil.svg
  • matriseBlue pencil.svg – rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns
  • Matrix calculusBlue pencil.svg – specialized notation for multivariable calculus
  • matrix ringBlue pencil.svg
  • matroidBlue pencil.svg – Abstract structure that captures and generalizes the notion of linear independence in vector spaces
  • mengdelæreBlue pencil.svg – grein av matematikken som handlar om mengder
  • metrisk romBlue pencil.svg
  • Microlocal analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • model theoryBlue pencil.svg – study of classes of mathematical structures from the perspective of mathematical logic
  • modulBlue pencil.svg – begrep i matematikk
  • Modular representation theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • molekylgeometriBlue pencil.svg
  • Morse theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Motivic cohomologyBlue pencil.svg
  • multilinear algebraBlue pencil.svg
  • Multiple-scale analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • Multiplicative calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • multiplicative number theoryBlue pencil.svg – analytic theory dealing with prime numbers and divisors
  • multivariable calculusBlue pencil.svg – calculus of functions of several independent variables
  • målteoriBlue pencil.svg – mathematical concept in measure theory
N
  • Nevanlinna theoryBlue pencil.svg – area of mathematics
  • Nielsen theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Non-abelian class field theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Non-classical analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • non-standard analysisBlue pencil.svg – calculus using a logically rigorous notion of infinitesimal numbers
  • Non-standard calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • Noncommutative algebraic geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • noncommutative geometryBlue pencil.svg – mathematical theory in which noncommutative algebraic structures are interpreted as rings of functions on an abstract space
  • noncommutative harmonic analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • Noncommutative topologyBlue pencil.svg
  • Nonlinear functional analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • numerical linear algebraBlue pencil.svg
  • numerisk analyseBlue pencil.svg – study of algorithms that use numerical approximation for the problems of mathematical analysis
O
  • operadBlue pencil.svg – prototypes of algebras that model properties such as commutativity, anticommutativity, or associativity; portmanteau of ‘operation’ and ‘monad’
  • Operator K-theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • operator theoryBlue pencil.svg – theory; study of linear operators on function spaces, beginning with differential operators and integral operators
  • optimal controlBlue pencil.svg – Mathematical optimization method for deriving control policies
  • OptimeringBlue pencil.svg – field in applied mathematics; the selection of a best element (with regard to some criterion) from some set of available alternatives
  • order theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Ordered geometryBlue pencil.svg
P
  • P-adic analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • P-adic Hodge theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Parabolic geometryBlue pencil.svg – Wikimedia-pekerside
  • Paraconsistent mathematicsBlue pencil.svg – attempt to develop the classical infrastructure of mathematics (e.g. analysis) based on a foundation of paraconsistent logic instead of classical logic
  • partitionBlue pencil.svg – multiset of integers whose sum is a given integer
  • perturbasjonsteoriBlue pencil.svg – mathematical methods used to find an approximate solution to a problem which cannot be solved exactly
  • Picard–Vessiot theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Pointless topologyBlue pencil.svg
  • Poisson manifoldBlue pencil.svg
  • polyhedral combinatoricsBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics related to faces of convex polytopes
  • Possibility theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • potensialteoriBlue pencil.svg – gren av matematikken for studie av harmoniske funksjoner
  • PrecalculusBlue pencil.svg
  • Probabilistic methodBlue pencil.svg
  • probabilistic number theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • projective differential geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Projective line over a ringBlue pencil.svg
  • projektiv geometriBlue pencil.svg
  • proof theoryBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematical logic
  • pseudo-Riemannian manifoldBlue pencil.svg – smooth manifold equipped with 2-tensor field that is everywhere nondegenerate (but not necessarily positive-definite); generalization of a Riemannian manifold to allow indefinite signatures
Q
  • Quantum calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • Quantum geometryBlue pencil.svg
R
  • Ramsey-teoriBlue pencil.svg
  • random graphBlue pencil.svg
  • Rational trigonometryBlue pencil.svg – a reformulation of planar distance and angle measurements in terms of polynomial functions of Cartesian coordinates
  • real algebraic geometryBlue pencil.svg – algebraic geometry over the field of the real numbers
  • real analysisBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematical analysis
  • recreational mathematicsBlue pencil.svg – mathematics carried out for recreation (entertainment) rather than as a strictly research and application-based professional activity
  • RegneartBlue pencil.svg – Collective term for the four mathematical operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
  • ren matematikkBlue pencil.svg – mathematics which studies entirely abstract concepts
  • representasjonsteoriBlue pencil.svg – gren av matematikken
  • Representation of a Lie groupBlue pencil.svg
  • Representation theory of diffeomorphism groupsBlue pencil.svg
  • representation theory of finite groupsBlue pencil.svg
  • Representation theory of Hopf algebrasBlue pencil.svg
  • Representation theory of the Galilean groupBlue pencil.svg
  • Representation theory of the Lorentz groupBlue pencil.svg
  • representation theory of the Poincaré groupBlue pencil.svg
  • Representation theory of the symmetric groupBlue pencil.svg
  • Ribbon theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Riemannian geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • RomgeometriBlue pencil.svg – geometry of three-dimensional Euclidean space
  • Rough setBlue pencil.svg
S
  • sannsynlighetsteoriBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics concerned with probability
  • schemeBlue pencil.svg – object of algebraic geometry, commutative algebra and number theory
  • Secondary calculus and cohomological physicsBlue pencil.svg
  • Set-theoretic topologyBlue pencil.svg
  • sfærisk geometriBlue pencil.svg
  • sfærisk trigonometriBlue pencil.svg – branch of spherical geometry that deals with the relationships between trigonometric functions of the sides and angles of the spherical polygons
  • sheaf cohomologyBlue pencil.svg
  • Short-time Fourier transformBlue pencil.svg
  • sieve theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Singularity theoryBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics which studies the limit cases of manifold structures
  • smooth infinitesimal analysisBlue pencil.svg – modern reformulation of the calculus in terms of infinitesimals
  • Spectral geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Spectral graph theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • spectral theoryBlue pencil.svg – field of mathematics about eigenvalues and eigenvectors of linear operators
  • Spectral theory of ordinary differential equationsBlue pencil.svg
  • Spectrum continuation analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • spillteoriBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics focused on strategic decision making
  • stochastic calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • Stochastic geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Stratified Morse theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • super vector spaceBlue pencil.svg – ℤ/2-graded vector space
  • surgery theoryBlue pencil.svg – branch of topology
  • Symbolic dynamicsBlue pencil.svg – in mathematics
  • symplectic geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • Syntetisk geometriBlue pencil.svg – study of geometry without the use of coordinates or formulas
  • synthetic differential geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • systoleBlue pencil.svg – minimum length of a noncontractible closed curve in a metric space
T
  • tallteoriBlue pencil.svg – gren av matematikken
  • TensorBlue pencil.svg – matematikk og fysikk
  • tensor calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • tensor fieldBlue pencil.svg
  • teoretisk fysikkBlue pencil.svg – gren av fysikken
  • tesseleringBlue pencil.svg – tiling of a plane using one or more geometric shapes, called tiles, with no overlaps and no gaps
  • Time-scale calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • topologiBlue pencil.svg – subfield of mathematics
  • Topological combinatoricsBlue pencil.svg
  • Topological degree theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • Topological graph theoryBlue pencil.svg – the study of node-link graphs as topological spaces
  • topological K-theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • toposBlue pencil.svg
  • toric varietyBlue pencil.svg – a combinatorial kind of algebraic varieties
  • Transcendence theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • transformation geometryBlue pencil.svg
  • TredimensjonalBlue pencil.svg – geometric three-parameter model of the physical universe
  • trigonometriBlue pencil.svg – branch of mathematics that studies triangles and the relationships between their sides and the angles between these sides
  • tropisk geometriBlue pencil.svg
  • Twisted K-theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • typeteoriBlue pencil.svg
U
  • Umbral calculusBlue pencil.svg
  • Uncertainty theoryBlue pencil.svg
  • universal algebraBlue pencil.svg – field of mathematics concerning the theory of algebraic structures
V
  • valuationBlue pencil.svg – function in algebra
  • variasjonsregningBlue pencil.svg
  • Variational analysisBlue pencil.svg
  • vektoranalyseBlue pencil.svg – calculus of vector-valued functions
  • vektorromBlue pencil.svg – mathematical structure formed by a collection of elements called vectors
W
  • waveletBlue pencil.svg – function for integral Fourier-like transform
  • window functionBlue pencil.svg
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