Jerry Mander

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Jerry Mander
Født1. mai 1936Rediger på Wikidata (86 år)
Beskjeftigelse Sosiolog, journalist, aktivist, skribentRediger på Wikidata
Utdannet ved Wharton School, Columbia Business SchoolRediger på Wikidata
Nasjonalitet USARediger på Wikidata
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Jerry Irwin Mander (født 1. mai 1936 i Bronx i New York)[1] er en amerikansk aktivist og forfatter, mest kjent for boken Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television fra 1978. I en nyere bok, The Capitalism Papers, argumenterer Mander mot kapitalisme som et bærekraftig og levedyktig økonomisk system.

Mander er også kjent som tilhenger av dypøkologi, og ledet tidligere Foundation for Deep Ecology.[2] I 2007 omtalte New York Times ham som «antiglobaliseringbevegelsens patriark».[2]

Bakgrunn[rediger | rediger kilde]

Mander er sønn av Harry og Eva Mander, et jødisk ektepar som hadde innvandret til USA fra Øst-Europa. I boken Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television beskrev han dem slik:

«Foreldrene mine bar på immigrantenes frykt. Trygghet var det aller viktigste for dem; alt annet var sekundært. Begge hadde sluppet unna pogromer i Øst-Europa. Min fars yrkesliv fulgte det samme mønsteret som var velkjent for så mange innvandrere i New York. Lower East Side. Lite skolegang. Hardt arbeid for å få endene til å møtes. Tidlig giftermål. En kamp for å komme seg ut av fattigdommen.

Merkelig nok var det under depresjonen at lykken vendte seg til det bedre for ham. Han grunnla det som senere ble «Harry Mander and Company», en liten manufakturbedrift som produserte biser, belegg, lommefôr og krage-innlegg.

En av grunnene til at min far opplevde medgang i en nedgangstid var andre verdenskrig. Han var over den øvre aldersgrensen for verneplikt, og kunne derfor konsentrere seg om å produsere varer til som ble brukt i produksjonen av militæruniformer. Etter krigen ekspanderte virksomheten til nye områder i takt med det økonomiske oppsvinget i USA.[3]»

(Engelsk originaltekst: My parents carried the immigrants' fears. Security was their primary value: all else was secondary. Both of them had escaped pogroms in Eastern Europe. My father's career had followed the path familiar to so many New York immigrants. Lower East Side. Scant schooling. Street hustling. Hard work at anything to keep life together. Early marriage. Struggling out of poverty.

Curiously, success came to him during the Depression. He founded what later became Harry Mander and Company, a small service business to the garment industry, manufacturing pipings, waist bands, pocketing and collar canvas.

One of the reasons for my father's success during hard times was World War II. He was beyond draft age and so was free to do a successful trade in servicing the manufacture of military uniforms. After the war, the business grew in new directions as the economy spurted forward into an era of rapid growth.[3]

Bibliografi[rediger | rediger kilde]

  • 1971: The Great International Paper Airplane Book, with George Dippel and Howard Gossage, ISBN 0-671-21129-3
  • 1977: Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television, ISBN 0-688-08274-2
  • 1991: In the Absence of the Sacred: The Failure of Technology and the Survival of the Indian Nations, Sierra Club Books, ISBN 978-0-87156-509-9
  • 1996: The Case Against the Global Economy and for a Turn Toward the Local, with Edward Goldsmith, ISBN 0-87156-865-9
  • 2004: Alternatives to Economic Globalization: A Better World Is Possible, Contributor, with the International Forum on Globalization Alternatives Task Force, ISBN 1-57675-303-4, ISBN 978-1-57675-303-3
  • 2006: Paradigm Wars: Indigenous Peoples' Resistance to Globalization, with Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, ISBN 1-57805-132-0
  • 2008: The Superferry Chronicles: Hawaii’s Uprising Against Militarism, Commercialism, and the Desecration of the Earth, with Koohan Paik, Koa Books, ISBN 978-0-9773338-8-2
  • 2012: The Capitalism Papers: Fatal Flaws of an Obsolete System, ISBN 978-1582437170

Referanser[rediger | rediger kilde]

  1. ^ Mander, Jerry (1991). In the Absence of the Sacred: The Failure of Technology and the Survival of the Indian Nations. San Francisco, California: Sierra Club Books. s. 11. ISBN 978-0-87156-509-9. "I was born in 1936. At that time there were no jet planes and commercial plane traffic was effectively non-existent."
  2. ^ a b «Jerry Mander». Schumacher Center for New Economics (engelsk). Besøkt 14. mai 2022. «Jerry Mander is the founder, former director, and presently distinguished fellow of the International Forum on Globalization (IFG), a San Francisco “think tank” focused since 1994 on exposing the negative impacts of economic globalization, and the need for economic transitions toward sustainable local economies. He was also, until recently, program director of the Foundation for Deep Ecology. IFG has been widely credited as the principal organizer of the immense protests against the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Seattle, 1999, closing down the Doha round. (---) Mander has been called “the patriarch of the anti-globalization movement” (New York Times, 2007). He was cited among “The 100 Leading Visionaries of the 20th century” by Resurgence Magazine.» 
  3. ^ a b Mander, Jerry (1978) [First copyright 1977]. Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television. New York, New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-688-08274-1.