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Hvit nasjonalisme

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Hvit nasjonalisme er en form for nasjonalisme eller pan-nasjonalisme som bygger på forestilling om at «hvite» personer tilhører en egen menneskerase.[1] Tankeretningen eller bevegelsen overlapper med hvit makt[2] og alt-right.[3] Hvit nasjonalisme handler blant annet om at hvite («hvite identitet») bør dominere i vestlige land og de motsetter seg ikke-hvit innvandring. Hvite nasjonalister omtaler seg til dels som «raserealister» og fører ofte et akademisk språk fremfor rasistisk sjargong. Mens hvit makt mener hvite er en overlegen rase, legger hvit nasjonalisme vekt på adskillelse av det som anses som forskjellige raser. Betegnelsen på engelsk (white nationalism) er kjent siden 1925.[3][4][5][6][7] Den amerikanske politikeren Donald Trump appellerte til denne bevegelsen.[8][9][10][11][12]

Brenton Tarrant som utførte moskéangrepet på New Zealand 2019 skal ha hatt tilknytning til denne tankeretningen.[13]

Vigrid omtales som tilhengere av hvit nasjonalisme.[14]

Se også[rediger | rediger kilde]

Referanser[rediger | rediger kilde]

  1. ^ Heidi Beirich and Kevin Hicks. "Chapter 7: White nationalism in America". In Perry, Barbara. Hate Crimes. Greenwood Publishing, 2009. pp.114–115
  2. ^ Taub, Amanda (21. november 2016). «‘White Nationalism,’ Explained (Published 2016)». The New York Times (engelsk). ISSN 0362-4331. Besøkt 13. februar 2021. 
  3. ^ a b Hartzell, S. L. (2018). Alt-White: Conceptualizing the" Alt-Right" as a Rhetorical Bridge between White Nationalism and Mainstream Public Discourse. Journal of Contemporary Rhetoric, Vol. 8, No.1/2, 2018, pp. 6-25. «White nationalism is a pro-white ideology “that calls for a separate territory and/or enhanced legal rights and protections for white people.” White nationalists have argued that they represent a distinct branch of the “white power” movement and have attempted to separate themselves from white supremacists, typically by framing white nationalism in terms of protecting and preserving the “white race” and framing white supremacy as the oppression and domination of other races.»
  4. ^ Srikantiah, J., & Sinnar, S. (2018). White nationalism as immigration policy. Stanford Law Review , 71, 197: «Two years into the Trump presidency, white nationalism may be driving the Administration’s immigration policy. We view white nationalism as “the belief that national identity should be built around white ethnicity, and that white people should therefore maintain both a demographic majority and dominance of the nation’s culture and public life.”1Open this footnote»
  5. ^ «White Nationalist». Southern Poverty Law Center (engelsk). Besøkt 13. februar 2021. 
  6. ^ «The key difference between ‘nationalists’ and ‘supremacists’». Columbia Journalism Review (engelsk). Besøkt 13. februar 2021. 
  7. ^ CNN, Joe Sterling. «White nationalism, a term once on the fringes, now front and center». CNN. Besøkt 13. februar 2021. 
  8. ^ Collins, Sean (21. juli 2020). «Trump once flirted with white nationalism. Now it’s a centerpiece of his White House.». Vox (engelsk). Besøkt 13. februar 2021. 
  9. ^ Giroux, Henry A. (18. april 2017). «White nationalism, armed culture and state violence in the age of Donald Trump:». Philosophy & Social Criticism (engelsk). doi:10.1177/0191453717702800. Besøkt 13. februar 2021. 
  10. ^ Maskovsky, Jeff (1. mars 2017). «Toward the anthropology of white nationalist postracialism: Comments inspired by Hall, Goldstein, and Ingram’s “The hands of Donald Trump”». HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory. 1. 7: 433–440. ISSN 2575-1433. doi:10.14318/hau7.1.030. Besøkt 13. februar 2021. «The article shows how Trump’s excoriation of political correctness, his nostalgia for the post–WWII industrial economy, his use of hand gestures, and his public speaking about race work together to telegraph a white nationalist message to his followers without making them feel that he is, or they are, racist. I end the article by explaining why I think that Donald Trump’s embrace of many white nationalist ideological precepts—if not quite yet of white nationalism as a fully realized political project—makes good political sense in the twenty-first-century United States.» 
  11. ^ Bjork‐James, Sophie (2020). «White Sexual Politics: The Patriarchal Family in White Nationalism and the Religious Right». Transforming Anthropology. 1 (engelsk). 28: 58–73. ISSN 1548-7466. doi:10.1111/traa.12167. Besøkt 13. februar 2021. «White evangelicals and white nationalists early on directed their support to Donald Trump’s presidential campaign and have remained some of his strongest supports even as his overall approval ratings have dropped. This is particularly true for the so‐called Alt‐Right, the term put forward in 2013 by Richard Spencer in an attempt to rebrand white nationalist ideas in a more acceptable frame. Since then, this movement has become adept at mobilizing younger, disaffected white males to support white nationalist causes, with many referring to Trump only slightly tongue‐in‐cheek as “the God emperor.”» 
  12. ^ Johns, Amelia (4. mai 2017). «Flagging White Nationalism ‘After Cronulla’: From the Beach to the Net». Journal of Intercultural Studies. 3. 38: 349–364. ISSN 0725-6868. doi:10.1080/07256868.2017.1314259. Besøkt 13. februar 2021. «Furthermore, the report found that ‘followers of white nationalists on Twitter were heavily invested in Donald Trump’s Presidential campaign’ (Berger 2016: 3), a phenomenon widely reported to have played a role in Trump’s unexpected win.» 
  13. ^ «In the battle against far-right extremism online, experts say we've been getting it wrong». www.abc.net.au (engelsk). 13. mars 2020. Besøkt 13. februar 2021. 
  14. ^ Teitelbaum, B. R. (2017). Lions of the north: sounds of the new Nordic radical nationalism. Oxford University Press.