Filmens historie (The Story of Film: An Odyssey)

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Filmens historie er en britisk dokumentarserie om filmhistorie som gikk på Channel 4 i 2011. Serien består av 15 1-times episoder med en total lengde på over 900 minutter. Den ble regissert og fortalt av Mark Cousins, filmkritiker fra Nord-Irland, basert på hans bok fra 2004, The Story of Film.[1]

Serien ble sendt i september 2011 på More4, den digitale tv-tjenesten BRITISKE kringkasteren bbc og Channel 4. Våren 2012 ble den vist på NRK, og lå i et par år tilgjengelig på web-TV.[2][3] Filmens historie ble også vist i sin helhet på 2011 Toronto International Film Festival,[4] og den ble utstilt på Museum of Modern Art i New York i februar 2012.[1] Den ble sendt i USA på Turner Classic Movies i begynnelsen av September 2013.[5]

The Telegraph headlinet seriens første kringkasting i september 2011 som «årets filmatisk hendelse», og beskriver den som «visuelt fengende og intellektuelt smidig, og det er samtidig et kjærlighetsbrev til cinema, en uforglemmelig masterclass, og en radikal omskriving av filmhistorien.»[6] En skribent i Irish Times kaller programmet for et «landemerke» (riktignok et «bisart underpromotert»).[7] Programmet har vunnet en Peabody Award i 2013 «for sin inkluderende, unikt forklart undersøkelse av verdens cinema historie.»[8]

I februar 2012, beskrev A. O. Scott fra The New York Times Cousins' film som «et semesterlangt filmstudie komprimert til 15 raske, noen ganger kontroversielle timer» som «står som en oppmuntrende samling av konvensjonell visdom.» Prosjektet satt i kontrast med sin «viktig forløper (og også kanskje en implisitt samtalepartner)», Jean-Luc Godard's Histoire(e) du cinéma, Scott roste Cousins' film som «stedet der alle fremtidige revisionism må begynne».[1]

Liste over episoder[rediger | rediger kilde]

Hver episode viser film klipp som er omtalt.[1][4][9][10]

Episode 1 - Birth of the Cinema[rediger | rediger kilde]

Innledning

1895-1918: The World Discovers A New Art form or Birth of the Cinema

1903-1918: The Thrill Becomes Story or The Hollywood Dream

Episode 2 - Hollywood-Drømmen[rediger | rediger kilde]

1918-1928: The Triumph of American Film…

…And the First of its Rebels

Episode 3 - The Golden Age of World Cinema[rediger | rediger kilde]

1918-1932: The Great Rebel Filmmakers Around the World

Episode 4 - The Arrival of Sound[rediger | rediger kilde]

1930-årene: The Great American Movie Genres…

…And the Brilliance of European Film

Episode 5 - Post-War Cinema[rediger | rediger kilde]

1939-1952: The Devastation of War…And a New Movie Language

  • Rome, Open City (1945) dir. Roberto Rossellini
  • Stagecoach (1939) dir. John Ford
  • Directed by John Ford (1971) dir. Peter Bogdanovich
  • Osaka Elegy (1936) (introduced in Episode 3) dir. Kenji Mizoguchi
  • Flesh and the Devil (1926) dir. Clarence Brown
  • Follow the Boys (1944) dir. A. Edward Sutherland
  • Citizen Kane (1941) (introduced in Episode 2) dir. Orson Welles
  • Me and Orson Welles (2008) dir. Richard Linklater
  • Chimes at Midnight (1965) dir. Orson Welles
  • Cabiria (1914) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. Giovanni Pastrone
  • Intolerance (1916) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. D. W. Griffith
  • The General (1926) (introduced in Episode 2) dir. Clyde Bruckman and Buster Keaton
  • The Maltese Falcon (1941) (introduced in Episode 2) dir. John Huston
  • The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) dir. William Wyler
  • Code Unknown (2000) dir. Michael Haneke
  • Sátántangó (1994) dir. Béla Tarr
  • How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) dir. Jean Negulesco
  • Un Homme et une Femme (1966) dir. Claude Lelouch
  • Heat (1995) dir. Michael Mann
  • Raging Bull (1980) dir. Martin Scorsese
  • Bicycle Thieves (1948) dir. Vittorio De Sica
  • Pin Up Girl (1944) dir. H. Bruce Humberstone
  • Double Indemnity (1944) dir. Billy Wilder
  • Portrait of a 66 % Perfect Man: Billy Wilder (1982) dir. Annie Tresgot
  • The Testament of Dr. Mabuse (1933) dir. Fritz Lang
  • The Big Sleep (1946) dir. Howard Hawks
  • Rio Bravo (1959) dir. Howard Hawks
  • The Empire Strikes Back (1980) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. Irvin Kershner
  • Out of the Past (1947) dir. Jacques Tourneur
  • The Hitch-Hiker (1953) dir. Ida Lupino
  • Little Caesar (1931) dir. Mervyn LeRoy
  • Le Quai des brumes (1938) (introduced in Episode 4) dir. Marcel Carné
  • La Chienne (1931) dir. Jean Renoir
  • Scarlet Street (1945) dir. Fritz Lang
  • American Cinema: Film Noir (1995) dir. Alain Klarer
  • Gun Crazy (1950) dir. Joseph H. Lewis
  • Bonnie and Clyde (1967) dir. Arthur Penn
  • L.A. Confidential (1997) dir. Curtis Hanson
  • Blade Runner (1982) dir. Ridley Scott
  • The Dark Knight (2008) dir. Christopher Nolan
  • Siva (1989) dir. Ram Gopal Varma
  • Titanic (1997) dir. James Cameron
  • 71st Academy Awards (1999) dir. Louis J. Horvitz
  • An American in Paris (1951) dir. Vincente Minnelli
  • The Red Shoes (1948) dir. Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger
  • Singin' in the Rain (1952) (introduced in Episode 2) dir. Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen
  • Flying Down to Rio (1933) dir. Thornton Freeland
  • Gold Diggers of 1933 (1933) (introduced in Episode 2) dir. Mervyn LeRoy
  • Indiscreet (1958) dir. Stanley Donen
  • Two for the Road (1967) dir. Stanley Donen
  • A Matter of Life and Death (1946) dir. Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger
  • Post Haste (1933) dir. Humphrey Jennings
  • Listen to Britain (1942) dir. Humphrey Jennings and Stewart McAllister
  • The Third Man (1949) dir. Carol Reed
  • The True Glory (1945) dir. Carol Reed and Garson Kanin
  • Taxi Driver (1976) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. Martin Scorsese

Episode 6 - Sex & Melodrama[rediger | rediger kilde]

1953-1957: The Swollen Story: World Cinema Bursting at the Seams

Episode 7 - European New Wave[rediger | rediger kilde]

1957-1964: The Shock of the New - Modern Filmmaking in Western Europe.

Episode 8 - Nye Styremedlemmer, Ny Form[rediger | rediger kilde]

1965-1969: New Waves - Sweep Around the World.

  • Ashes and Diamonds (1958) dir. Andrzej Wajda
  • Two Men and a Wardrobe (1958) (introduced in Episode 4) dir. Roman Polanski
  • Hamlet (1948) dir. Laurence Olivier
  • Knife in the Water (1962) dir. Roman Polanski
  • The Fearless Vampire Killers (1967) dir. Roman Polanski
  • The Hand (1965) dir. Jiří Trnka
  • The Fireman's Ball (1967) dir. Miloš Forman
  • Tusenfrydene (1966) dir. Věra Chytilová
  • The Red and the White (1968) dir. Miklós Jancsó
  • Une journée d'Andrei Arsenevitch (2000) dir. Chris Marker
  • Andrei Rublev (1966) dir. Andrei Tarkovsky
  • The Mirror (1975) dir. Andrei Tarkovsky
  • Stalker (1979) dir. Andrei Tarkovsky
  • Nostalghia (1983) dir. Andrei Tarkovsky
  • Shadows of our Forgotten Ancestors (1965) dir. Sergei Parajanov
  • Andrei Tarkovsky & Sergei Parajanov – Islands (1988) dir. Levon Grigoryan
  • Boy (1969) dir. Nagisa Oshima
  • In the Realm of the Senses (1976) dir. Nagisa Oshima
  • Love and Crime (1969) dir. Teruo Ishii
  • The Insect Woman (1963) dir. Shōhei Imamura
  • Citizen Kane (1941) (introduced in Episode 2) dir. Orson Welles
  • Nippon Sengoshi - Madamu Onboro No Seikatsu (1970) dir. Shōhei Imamura
  • Ajantrik (1958) dir. Ritwik Ghatak
  • The Cloud-Capped Star (1960) dir. Ritwik Ghatak
  • Jukti Takko Aar Gappo (1975) dir. Ritwik Ghatak
  • Uski Roti (1970) dir. Mani Kaul
  • Black God, White Devil (1964) dir. Glauber Rocha
  • I Am Cuba (1964) dir. Mikhail Kalatozov
  • The House Is Black (1963) (introduced in Episode 2) dir. Forugh Farrokhzad
  • Black Girl (1966) dir. Ousmane Sembène
  • Saturday Night and Sunday Morning (1960) dir. Karel Reisz
  • Kes (1969) dir. Ken Loach
  • A Hard Day's Night (1964) dir. Richard Lester
  • Primary (1960) dir. Robert Drew
  • Shadows (1959) dir. John Cassavetes
  • Psycho (1960) dir. Alfred Hitchcock
  • 66 Scenes from America (1982) dir. Jørgen Leth
  • Blow Job (1963) dir. Andy Warhol
  • Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966) dir. Mike Nichols
  • Medium Cool (1969) dir. Haskell Wexler
  • Easy Rider (1969) dir. Dennis Hopper
  • Making «The Shining» (1980) dir. Vivian Kubrick
  • 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) (introduced in Episode 1) dir. Stanley Kubrick
  • Der Sieger (1922) dir. Walter Ruttmann

Episode 9 - American Cinema of the 70s[rediger | rediger kilde]

1967-1979: New American Cinema.

Episode 10 - Movies to Change the World[rediger | rediger kilde]

1969-1979: Radical Directors in the 70s - Make State of the Nation Movies.

Episode 11 - The Arrival of Multiplexes and Asian Mainstream[rediger | rediger kilde]

1970s and Onwards: Innovation in Popular Culture - Around the World.

Episode 12 - Fight the Power: Protest in Film[rediger | rediger kilde]

The 1980s: Moviemaking and Protest - Around the World.

  • The Horse Thief (1988) dir. Tian Zhuangzhuang
  • Yellow Earth (1985) dir. Chen Kaige
  • Raise the Red Lantern (1991) dir. Zhang Yimou
  • House of Flying Daggers (2004) dir. Zhang Yimou
  • Repentance (1984) dir. Tengiz Abuladze
  • Arsenal (1929) (introduced in Episode 3) dir. Alexander Dovzhenko
  • Come and See (1985) dir. Elem Klimov
  • Long Goodbyes (1971) dir. Kira Muratova
  • A Short Film About Killing (1988) dir. Krzysztof Kieślowski
  • Psycho (1960) (introduced in Episode 8) dir. Alfred Hitchcock
  • Wend Kuuni (1983) dir. Gaston Kaboré
  • Yeelen (1987) dir. Souleymane Cissé
  • Video Killed the Radio Star (1979) (music video) dir. Russell Mulcahy
  • Flashdance (1983) dir. Adrian Lyne
  • Top Gun (1986) dir. Tony Scott
  • Blue Velvet (1986) (introduced in Episode 3) dir. David Lynch
  • The Elephant Man (1980) dir. David Lynch
  • Do the Right Thing (1989) dir. Spike Lee
  • The Third Man (1949) dir. Carol Reed (introduced in Episode 5)
  • Return of the Secaucus 7 (1980) dir. John Sayles
  • Subway (1985) dir. Luc Besson
  • Les Amants du Pont-Neuf (1991) dir. Leos Carax
  • An American in Paris (1951) dir. Vincente Minnelli (introduced in Episode 5)
  • Labyrinth of Passion (1982) dir. Pedro Almodóvar
  • A Hard Day's Night (1964) (introduced in Episode 8) dir. Richard Lester
  • The Quince Tree Sun (1992) dir. Víctor Erice
  • My Beautiful Laundrette (1985) dir. Stephen Frears
  • My Childhood (1972) dir. Bill Douglas
  • Gregory's Girl (1981) dir. Bill Forsyth
  • Distant Voices, Still Lives (1988) dir. Terence Davies
  • Intolerance (1916) dir. D. W. Griffith (introduced in Episode 1)
  • Young at Heart (1954) dir. Gordon Douglas
  • A Zed & Two Noughts (1986) dir. Peter Greenaway
  • The Last of England (1988) dir. Derek Jarman
  • Videodrome (1983) dir. David Cronenberg
  • Crash (1996) dir. David Cronenberg
  • Neighbours (1952) dir. Norman McLaren
  • Jesus of Montreal (1989) dir. Denys Arcand

Episode 13 - New Boundaries: World Cinema in Africa, Asia & Latin America[rediger | rediger kilde]

1990-1998: The Last Days of Celluloid - Before the Coming of Digital.

Episode 14 - New American Independents & The Digital Revolution[rediger | rediger kilde]

The 1990s: The First Days of Digital - Reality Losing Its Realness in America and Australia.

Episode 15 - Cinema Today and the Future[rediger | rediger kilde]

2000 Onwards: Film Moves Full Circle - and the Future of Movies.

Epilog År 2046

Referanser[rediger | rediger kilde]

  1. ^ a b c d Scott, A. O. (31. januar 2012). «Your Film of Films: A Sweeping History of an Art». New York Times. Besøkt 31. januar 2012. 
  2. ^ Thomas Karlsen. «Filmhistorie som får nakkehårene til å reise seg». Filter Film og TV. Besøkt 31. juli 2016. 
  3. ^ «Filmens historie». NRK. Besøkt 31. juli 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Cousins, Mark (2011). «The Story of Film: An Odyssey - Real To Reel». Toronto International Film Festival. Arkivert fra originalen 8. februar 2012. Besøkt 24. februar 2012. 
  5. ^ King, Susan (2. september 2013). «'The Story of Film: An Odyssey' gives a non-Hollywood history». Los Angeles Times. Besøkt 3. september 2013. 
  6. ^ Sukhdev Sandhu, «The Story of Film, cinematic event of the year: Mark Cousins's 15-hour television series is an epic journey through the history of cinema, says Sukhdev Sandhu», The Telegraph, (UK) 2. september 2011.
  7. ^ Donald Clarke, «Mark Cousins’s Story of Film», Irish Times, 5. september 2011.
  8. ^ 73rd Annual Peabody Awards, mai 2014.
  9. ^ Staff (2012). «The Story of Film: An Odyssey». Channel 4. Besøkt 5. februar 2012. 
  10. ^ Staff (2012). «The Story of Film: An Odyssey - Episodes». Channel 4. Besøkt 5. februar 2012. 

Eksterne lenker[rediger | rediger kilde]