Avro Vulcan

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Avro Vulcan
Avro Vulcan
Avro Vulcan
Informasjon
RolleStrategisk bombefly
ProdusentAvro
Første flyvning31. august 1952
Introdusert1956
UtfasetMars 1984
StatusPensjonert
Brukt avRoyal Air Force
Produsert1956-1965
Antall produsert136 (inkludert prototyper)
Enhetspris£750 000

Avro Vulcan var et britisk subsonisk deltavinge bombefly som ble brukt av RAF fra 1953 til 1984. Flytypen var en del av den britisk kjernefysiske styrken som skulle virke avskrekkende på Sovjetunionen under den kalde krigen.

Historie og utvikling[rediger | rediger kilde]

Designutviklingen startet hos A.V. Roe & Co (Avro) i 1947 under ledelse av Roy Chadwick. Det britiske forsvarsdepartementets kravspesifikasjon beskrev et bombefly med en topphastighet på 930 km/t, en operativ høyde på opptil 15 000 m, en rekkevidde på 5 500 km og mulighet for å frakte en bombelast på 4 500 kg. Parallelt ble det arbeidet med design hos Vickers-Armstrongs og Handley Page og alle tre designene ble godkjent – Vulcan, Valiant og Victor.

Siden deltavinger var nytt på den tiden, begynte Avro testing med skala-prototyper i 1948, og da med enseters-varianten Avro 707, eller Type 707. Til tross for at den første protypen krasjet 30. september 1949 fortsatte arbeidet. Den første prototypen i full størrelse, Type 698, foretok sin første flygning 31. august 1952. Navnet Vulcan ble ikke valgt før i 1953.

Spesifikasjoner (Mk.2)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Tekniske data
Mannskap 5
Lengde 30,40 m
Vingespenn 33,80 m
Vingeareal 368,20 m²
Høyde 8,20 m
Vekt (maksimalt) 113 398 kg
Motor 4 × Rolls-Royce Olympus 301
(4 × 88,96 kN)
Ytelser
Maksimal hastighet 1 038 km/t
Marsjfart 1 009 km/t
Rekkevidde 7 400 km
Marsjhøyde 19 810 m

Litteratur[rediger | rediger kilde]

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  • Price, Alfred, Tony Blackman and Andrew Edmondson. Avro Vulcan Manual: An Insight into Owning, Restoring, Servicing and Flying Britain's Legendary Cold War Bomber (Owner's Workshop Manual). Sparkford, Somerset, UK: Haynes, 2010. ISBN 1-84425-831-9.
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  • Vulcan B.Mk.2 Aircrew Manual (AP101B-1902-15). London: Air Ministry, 1984.
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Eksterne lenker[rediger | rediger kilde]