Aga Khan Award for Architecture

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Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) er en arkitekturpris opprettet av Aga Khan IV i 1977. Den har som mål å identifisere og belønne arkitekturkonsepter som klarer å dekke behov og ambisjoner for islamske samfunn innen feltene samtidsdesign, sosial boligbygging, utvikling av samfunn, restaurering, gjenbruk og områdebevaring, så vel som landskapsdesign og forbedring av miljøet.[1] Den fremlegges i tre års sykluser til flere prosjekter og involverer en pengesum, som totalt er opp mot US$ 1 million.[2] Unikt blant arkitektoniske priser, annerkjenner det prosjekter, team og interessenter i tillegg til bygninger og mennesker.[1]

Prisen er knyttet til Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC), et byrå innen Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN).

Den 11. prissyklusen løper fra 2008 til 2010.

Award process and Chairman's Award[rediger | rediger kilde]

The award is aimed at societies in which Muslims have a significant presence.[1] It is organized on the basis of a three-year cycle and is governed by a steering committee chaired by the Aga Khan IV.[2]

A new committee is constituted each cycle to establish the eligibility criteria for project, provide thematic direction with reference to current concerns, and to develop plans for the long-term future of the award. The Steering Committee is responsible for the selection of the Master Jury appointed for each award cycle, and for activities such as seminars and field visits, the award ceremony, publications and exhibitions.

Prizes totalling up to US$1m, constituting the largest architectural award in the world,[1] are presented every three years to projects selected by the Master Jury.[3] The award has completed nine cycles of activity since 1977; documentation has been compiled on over 7500 building projects located throughout the world. To date, 92 projects have received awards. The tenth award cycle covers the period from 2005 to 2007.[2]

The Chairman's Award is given in honor of accomplishments that fall outside the mandate of the Master Jury. It recognizes the lifetime achievement. It has been presented three times: In 1980 to Egyptian architect and urban planner Hassan Fathy,[4] in 1986 to Iraqi architect and educator Rifat Chadirji,[5] and in 2001 to Sri Lankan architect Geoffrey Bawa.[6]

Award cycles[rediger | rediger kilde]

First (1978-1980)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Shalimar Gardens, Lahore, Pakistan, location of the awards ceremony in 1980

The award ceremony took place at the Shalimar Gardens in Lahore, Pakistan. During this cycle, the Chairman's Award was given to Hassan Fathy in recognition of his lifelong commitment to architecture in the Muslim world. Prominent architect Mazharul Islam was a member of Master Jury of first Aga Khan Award for Architecture.

Award recipients:

Second (1981-1983)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, location of the Awards ceremony in 1983

The award ceremony took place at the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul.

Award recipients:

Third (1984-1986)[rediger | rediger kilde]

El Badi Palace, Marrakesh, Morocco, location of the Awards ceremony in 1986.

The brief prepared by the Steering Committee for this award cycle focused on the preservation and continuation of cultural heritage, community building and social housing, and excellence in contemporary architectural expression.

Six winners were chosen from among 213 entries.[7] The conservation of Mostar Old Town and restoration of Al-Aqsa Mosque were examples of cultural heritage, the first theme, while the Yama Mosque and Bhong Mosque were noted for their innovation in translating traditional techniques and materials to meet contemporary requirements. The Social Security Complex and Dar Lamane Housing address the issues of community and social housing while remaining sensitive to local culture.

The award ceremony took place at El Badi Palace in Marrakesh, Morocco. During this cycle, the Chairman's Award was given to Rifat Chadirji.

Award recipients:

Fourth (1987-1989)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Citadel of Salah Ed-Din in Cairo, location of the awards ceremony in 1989

The fourth cycle of the award considered 241 project nominations. Of these, 32 were short-listed for technical review[9] and the Master Jury selected 11 winners. Two themes were noted as areas of focus in this cycle: Revival of past vernacular traditions, and projects that reflect the efforts of individual patrons and of non-governmental organisations in improving society.

Projects such as the Great Omari Mosque and the Rehabilitation of Asilah seek to reconstruct and preserve heritage buildings for continued use, demonstrating the significance of these spaces within their communities. Meanwhile the Grameen Bank Housing Programme and Sidi el-Aloui Primary School apply architectural solutions to address current socioeonomic issues.

The award ceremony took place at the Citadel of Salah Ed-Din in Cairo.

Award recipients:

Fifth (1990-1992)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Registan Square in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, location of the Awards ceremony in 1992.

The award ceremony took place at the Registan Square in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.

Award recipients:

Sixth (1993-1995)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Surakarta palace, Indonesia, location of the Awards ceremony in 1995.

The award ceremony took place at the Kraton Surakarta in Surakarta, Indonesia.

Award recipients:

Seventh (1996-1998)[rediger | rediger kilde]

The Master Jury selected seven winning projects of the 424 presented. During this cycle, special emphasis was placed on projects that responded creatively to the emerging forces of globalization. Issues such as demographic pressure, environmental degradation, and the crisis of the nation-state, and the changes in lifestyle, cultural values, and relationships among social groups and between governments and people at large they prompted, were considered..

Of the winning projects, the rehabilitation of Hebron Old Town and Slum Networking of Indore City sought to reclaim community space in environments strained by social, physical and environmental degradation. The Lepers Hospital created a sustainable and dignified shelter for a marginalized segment of society. The remaining projects were recognized for their contribution in evolving an architectural vocabulary in response to contemporary social and environmental challenges.[10]

The award ceremony took place at the Alhambra in Granada, Spain.

Award recipients:

Eighth (1999-2001)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Citadel of Aleppo, Syria, location of the Awards ceremony in 2001

The Award Presentation Ceremony took place at the Citadel of Aleppo in Syria. During this cycle, the Chairman's Award was given to Geoffrey Bawa to honour and celebrate his lifetime achievements in and contribution to the field of architecture.

Award recipients:

Ninth (2002-2004)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Humayun's Tomb, New Delhi, India, the location of the Awards ceremony in 2004.

During the ninth cycle, 378 projects were nominated. Of these, 23 were site-reviewed, and the Master Jury selected seven award recipients.[12] Notable among the recipients is the Sandbag Shelter Prototypes, a technique by which victims of natural disasters and war can build their own shelter using earth-filled sandbags and barbed wire. The resulting structures - made up of arches, domes and vaulted spaces - provide earthquake resistance, shelter from hurricanes and flood resistance, while being aesthetically pleasing.

Other winning projects include a primary school in Gando, Burkina Faso, that combines high-caliber architectural design with local materials, techniques and community participation. The Bibliotheca Alexandria in Egypt and the Petronas Towers in Malaysia are examples of high-profile landmark buildings.

The award ceremony took place at the Humayun's Tomb in New Delhi, India.

Award recipients:

Tiende (2005-2007)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Petronas Towers i Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, hvor prisene ble delt ut i 2007

Denne syklusen markerte tredveårsjubiluemet for prisen. Totalt 343 prosjekter ble presentert for vurdering, og 27 ble vurdert på stedet av internasjonale eksperter.[13]

Prispresentasjonssermonien ble avholdt i Petronas Towers i Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Mottakere av prisen var:

Eleventh (2008-2010)[rediger | rediger kilde]

Fil:Museum of Islamic Art Qatar.JPG
Museum of Islamic Art, Doha, the location of the Awards ceremony in 2010

A total of 401 projects were nominated of which 19 were shortlisted.[14]

The award recipients were:

  • Wadi Hanifa Wetlands, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Revitalisation of the Hypercentre of Tunis, Tunisia
  • Madinat Al-Zahra Museum, Cordoba, Spain
  • Ipekyol Textile Factory, Edirne, Turkey
  • Bridge School, Xiashi, Fujian, China

Se også[rediger | rediger kilde]

Referanser[rediger | rediger kilde]

  1. ^ a b c d "Aga Khan Award for Architecture." ArchitectureWeek 9. januar 2002.
  2. ^ a b c Aga Khan Award for Architecture announces Master Jury for 2007." Canadian Architect 12. januar 2007.
  3. ^ «Aga Khan Award for Architecture announces Master Jury for 2007», Canadian Architect, Business Information Group, 2007-01-12. Besøkt 2007-01-28
  4. ^ Lifetime Achievements of Hassan Fathy
  5. ^ Lifetime Achievements of Rifat Chadirji
  6. ^ Lifetime Achievements of Geoffrey Bawa
  7. ^ The Changing Present, Loughran, G., Saudi Aramco World, Nov/Dec 1987: 28-37. Arkivert fra originalen 29 December 2006. Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
  8. ^ (AKTC) (ArchNet)
  9. ^ Better by Design, Loughran, G., Saudi Aramco World, Nov/Dec 1989: 28-33. Arkivert fra originalen 29 December 2006. Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
  10. ^ Cynthia C. Davidson (ed.), red. (1999). Legacies for the Future: Contemporary Architecture in Islamic Societies. New York: Thames and Hudson Ltd.. ISBN 0-500-28087-8. 
  11. ^ (ArchNet)
  12. ^ Aga Khan Award for Architecture 2004 - Architecture & Urbanism magazine, No. 78/79, Autumn/Winter 2005, Tehran. Arkivert fra originalen 2 December 2006. Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
  13. ^ Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) (2007-09-04). «Nine Projects Receive 2007 Aga Khan Award for Archicture». Press release. Arkivert on 10. september 2007. Error: If you specify |archiveurl=, you must first specify |url=. http://akdn.org/news/2007September4.htm. Besøkt 2007-09-06. 
  14. ^ Jenna M. McKnight: Revealed: Winners of 2010 Aga Khan Award for Architecture, in the Architectural Record, November 24, 2010, retrieved 1 December 2010

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