Aga Khan Award for Architecture
Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) er en arkitekturpris opprettet av Aga Khan IV i 1977. Den har som mål å identifisere og belønne arkitekturkonsepter som klarer å dekke behov og ambisjoner for islamske samfunn innen feltene samtidsdesign, sosial boligbygging, utvikling av samfunn, restaurering, gjenbruk og områdebevaring, så vel som landskapsdesign og forbedring av miljøet. Den fremlegges i tre års sykluser til flere prosjekter og involverer en pengesum, som totalt er opp mot US$ 1 million. Unikt blant arkitektoniske priser, annerkjenner det prosjekter, team og interessenter i tillegg til bygninger og mennesker.
Award process and Chairman's Award [rediger]
The award is aimed at societies in which Muslims have a significant presence. It is organized on the basis of a three-year cycle and is governed by a steering committee chaired by the Aga Khan IV.
A new committee is constituted each cycle to establish the eligibility criteria for project, provide thematic direction with reference to current concerns, and to develop plans for the long-term future of the award. The Steering Committee is responsible for the selection of the Master Jury appointed for each award cycle, and for activities such as seminars and field visits, the award ceremony, publications and exhibitions.
Prizes totalling up to US$1m, constituting the largest architectural award in the world, are presented every three years to projects selected by the Master Jury. The award has completed nine cycles of activity since 1977; documentation has been compiled on over 7500 building projects located throughout the world. To date, 92 projects have received awards. The tenth award cycle covers the period from 2005 to 2007.
The Chairman's Award is given in honor of accomplishments that fall outside the mandate of the Master Jury. It recognizes the lifetime achievement. It has been presented three times: In 1980 to Egyptian architect and urban planner Hassan Fathy, in 1986 to Iraqi architect and educator Rifat Chadirji, and in 2001 to Sri Lankan architect Geoffrey Bawa.
Award cycles [rediger]
First (1978-1980) [rediger]
The award ceremony took place at the Shalimar Gardens in Lahore, Pakistan. During this cycle, the Chairman's Award was given to Hassan Fathy in recognition of his lifelong commitment to architecture in the Muslim world. Prominent architect Mazharul Islam was a member of Master Jury of first Aga Khan Award for Architecture.
- Kampung Improvement Programme, Jakarta, Indonesia
- Pondok Pesantren Pabelan, Central Java, Indonesia
- Ertegün House, Bodrum, Turkey
- Turkish Historical Society, Ankara, Turkey
- Mughal Sheraton Hotel, Agra, India
- Conservation of Sidi Bou Saïd, Tunis, Tunisia
- Rüstem Pasa Caravanserai, Edirne, Turkey
- National Museum, Doha, Qatar
- Ali Qapu, Chehel Sutun, and Hasht Behesht, Isfahan, Iran
- Halawa House, Agamy, Egypt
- Medical Centre, Mopti, Mali
- Courtyard Houses, Agadir, Morocco
- Water Towers, Kuwait City, Kuwait
- Intercontinental Hotel and Conference Centre, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
- Agricultural Training Centre, Nianing, Senegal
Second (1981-1983) [rediger]
- Great Mosque of Niono, Mali
- Šerefudin's White Mosque, Visoko, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Ramses Wissa Wassef Arts Centre, Giza, Egypt
- Nail Çakirhan Residence, Akyaka Village, Muğla, Turkey
- Hafsia Quarter I, Tunis, Tunisia
- Tanjong Jara Beach Hotel and Rantau Abang Visitors' Centre, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
- Résidence Andalous, Sousse, Tunisia
- Hajj Terminal, King Abdulaziz International Airport, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
- Tomb of Shah Rukn-i-'Alam, Multan, Pakistan
- Darb Qirmiz Quarter, Cairo, Egypt
- Azem Palace, Damascus, Syria
Third (1984-1986) [rediger]
The brief prepared by the Steering Committee for this award cycle focused on the preservation and continuation of cultural heritage, community building and social housing, and excellence in contemporary architectural expression.
Six winners were chosen from among 213 entries. The conservation of Mostar Old Town and restoration of Al-Aqsa Mosque were examples of cultural heritage, the first theme, while the Yama Mosque and Bhong Mosque were noted for their innovation in translating traditional techniques and materials to meet contemporary requirements. The Social Security Complex and Dar Lamane Housing address the issues of community and social housing while remaining sensitive to local culture.
- Social Security Complex, Istanbul, Turkey
- Dar Lamane Housing, Casablanca, Morocco
- Conservation of Mostar Old Town, Bosnia and Herzegovina 
- Restoration of Al-Aqsa Mosque, Noble Sanctuary, Jerusalem
- Yaama Mosque, Yaama, Tahoua, Niger
- Bhong Mosque, Bhong, Rahim Yar Khan District, Pakistan
Bhong Mosque, Pakistan
Fourth (1987-1989) [rediger]
The fourth cycle of the award considered 241 project nominations. Of these, 32 were short-listed for technical review and the Master Jury selected 11 winners. Two themes were noted as areas of focus in this cycle: Revival of past vernacular traditions, and projects that reflect the efforts of individual patrons and of non-governmental organisations in improving society.
Projects such as the Great Omari Mosque and the Rehabilitation of Asilah seek to reconstruct and preserve heritage buildings for continued use, demonstrating the significance of these spaces within their communities. Meanwhile the Grameen Bank Housing Programme and Sidi el-Aloui Primary School apply architectural solutions to address current socioeonomic issues.
The award ceremony took place at the Citadel of Salah Ed-Din in Cairo.
- Great Omari Mosque (Sidon, Lebanon)
- Rehabilitation of Asilah (Asilah, Morocco)
- Grameen Bank Housing Programme (various locations in Bangladesh)
- Citra Niaga Urban Development (Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia)
- Gürel Family Summer Residence (Çanakkale, Turkey)
- Hayy Assafarat Landscaping and al-Kindi Plaza (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
- Sidi el-Aloui Primary School (Tunis, Tunisia
- Corniche Mosque (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
- National Assembly Building (Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh)
- Institut du Monde Arabe (Paris, France)
Fifth (1990-1992) [rediger]
- Kairouan Conservation Programme (Kairouan, Tunisia)
- Palace Parks Programme (Istanbul, Turkey)
- Cultural Park for Children (Cairo, Egypt)
- East Wahdat Upgrading Programme (Amman, Jordan)
- Kampung Kali Cho-de (Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
- Stone Building System (Daraa Governorate, Syria)
- Demir Holiday Village (Bodrum, Turkey)
- Pan African Institute for Development (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
- Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India (Ahmedabad, India)
Sixth (1993-1995) [rediger]
The award ceremony took place at the Kraton Surakarta in Surakarta, Indonesia.
- Restoration of Bukhara Old City (Bukhara, Uzbekistan)
- Conservation of Old San'a' (San'a', Yemen)
- Hafsia Quarter II (Tunis, Tunisia)
- Khuda-ki-Basti Incremental Development Scheme (Hyderabad, Pakistan)
- Aranya Community Housing (Indore, India)
- Great Mosque and Redevelopment of the Old City Centre (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
- Menara Mesiniaga (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
- Kaédi Regional Hospital (Kaedi, Mauritania)
- Mosque of the Grand National Assembly (Ankara, Turkey)
- Alliance Franco-Sénégalaise (Kaolack, Senegal)
- Re-Forestation Programme of the Middle East Technical University (Ankara, Turkey)
- Landscaping Integration of the Soekarno-Hatta Airport (Cengkareng, Indonesia)
Seventh (1996-1998) [rediger]
The Master Jury selected seven winning projects of the 424 presented. During this cycle, special emphasis was placed on projects that responded creatively to the emerging forces of globalization. Issues such as demographic pressure, environmental degradation, and the crisis of the nation-state, and the changes in lifestyle, cultural values, and relationships among social groups and between governments and people at large they prompted, were considered..
Of the winning projects, the rehabilitation of Hebron Old Town and Slum Networking of Indore City sought to reclaim community space in environments strained by social, physical and environmental degradation. The Lepers Hospital created a sustainable and dignified shelter for a marginalized segment of society. The remaining projects were recognized for their contribution in evolving an architectural vocabulary in response to contemporary social and environmental challenges.
- Rehabilitation of Hebron Old Town
- Slum Networking of Indore, India
- Lepers Hospital, Chopda Taluka, India
- Salinger Residence, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
- Tuwaiq Palace, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
- Alhamra Arts Council, Lahore, Pakistan
- Vidhan Bhavan, Bhopal, India
Eighth (1999-2001) [rediger]
The Award Presentation Ceremony took place at the Citadel of Aleppo in Syria. During this cycle, the Chairman's Award was given to Geoffrey Bawa to honour and celebrate his lifetime achievements in and contribution to the field of architecture.
- New Life for Old Structures (various locations, Iran)
- Aït Iktel (Abadou, Morocco)
- Kahere Eila Poultry Farming School (Koliagbe, Guinea)
- Nubian Museum (Aswan, Egypt)
- SOS Children's Village (Aqaba, Jordan)
- Olbia Social Centre of Akdeniz University (Antalya, Turkey)
- Bagh-e-Ferdowsi (Tehran, Iran)
- Datai Hotel (Langkawi, Malaysia)
Ninth (2002-2004) [rediger]
During the ninth cycle, 378 projects were nominated. Of these, 23 were site-reviewed, and the Master Jury selected seven award recipients. Notable among the recipients is the Sandbag Shelter Prototypes, a technique by which victims of natural disasters and war can build their own shelter using earth-filled sandbags and barbed wire. The resulting structures - made up of arches, domes and vaulted spaces - provide earthquake resistance, shelter from hurricanes and flood resistance, while being aesthetically pleasing.
Other winning projects include a primary school in Gando, Burkina Faso, that combines high-caliber architectural design with local materials, techniques and community participation. The Bibliotheca Alexandria in Egypt and the Petronas Towers in Malaysia are examples of high-profile landmark buildings.
- Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Alexandria, Egypt
- Primary School, Gando, Burkina Faso
- Sandbag Shelter Prototypes (various locations)
- Restoration of Al-Abbas Mosque (Asnaf, Yemen)
- Old City of Jerusalem Revitalisation Programme, Jerusalem
- B2 House, Ayvacik, Turkey
- Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tiende (2005-2007) [rediger]
Denne syklusen markerte tredveårsjubiluemet for prisen. Totalt 343 prosjekter ble presentert for vurdering, og 27 ble vurdert på stedet av internasjonale eksperter.
Mottakere av prisen var:
- Samir Kassir Square, Beirut, Libanon
- Rehabiliteringen av byen Shibam, Jemen
- Central Market, Koudougou, Burkina Faso
- Teknologiuniversitet Petronas, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Malaysia
- Restaurering av Amiriya-komplekset, Rada, Jemen
- Moulmein Rise Residential Tower, Singapore
- Den kongelige nederlandske ambassaden, Addis Ababa, Etiopia
- Rehabiliteringen av Walled City, Nicosia, Kypros
- Skole i Rudrapur, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Eleventh (2008-2010) [rediger]
A total of 401 projects were nominated of which 19 were shortlisted.
The award recipients were:
- Wadi Hanifa Wetlands, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
- Revitalisation of the Hypercentre of Tunis, Tunisia
- Madinat Al-Zahra Museum, Cordoba, Spain
- Ipekyol Textile Factory, Edirne, Turkey
- Bridge School, Xiashi, Fujian, China
Se også [rediger]
- ^ a b c d "Aga Khan Award for Architecture." ArchitectureWeek 9. januar 2002.
- ^ a b c Aga Khan Award for Architecture announces Master Jury for 2007." Canadian Architect 12. januar 2007.
- ^ «Aga Khan Award for Architecture announces Master Jury for 2007», Canadian Architect, Business Information Group, 2007-01-12. Besøkt 2007-01-28
- ^ Lifetime Achievements of Hassan Fathy
- ^ Lifetime Achievements of Rifat Chadirji
- ^ Lifetime Achievements of Geoffrey Bawa
- ^ The Changing Present, Loughran, G., Saudi Aramco World, Nov/Dec 1987: 28-37. Arkivert fra originalen 29 December 2006. Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
- ^ (AKTC) (ArchNet)
- ^ Better by Design, Loughran, G., Saudi Aramco World, Nov/Dec 1989: 28-33. Arkivert fra originalen 29 December 2006. Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
- ^ Cynthia C. Davidson (ed.), red. (1999). Legacies for the Future: Contemporary Architecture in Islamic Societies. New York: Thames and Hudson Ltd.. ISBN 0-500-28087-8.
- ^ (ArchNet)
- ^ Aga Khan Award for Architecture 2004 - Architecture & Urbanism magazine, No. 78/79, Autumn/Winter 2005, Tehran. Arkivert fra originalen 2 December 2006. Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
- ^ Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) (2007-09-04). «Nine Projects Receive 2007 Aga Khan Award for Archicture». Press release. Arkivert on 10. september 2007. Error: If you specify
|archiveurl=, you must first specify
|url=. http://akdn.org/news/2007September4.htm. Besøkt 2007-09-06.
- ^ Jenna M. McKnight: Revealed: Winners of 2010 Aga Khan Award for Architecture, in the Architectural Record, November 24, 2010, retrieved 1 December 2010
- Middle East Delights of Muslim architecture - BBC News, October 10, 1998 (10. oktober 1998). Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
- A Counterpoint of Cloth and Stone, Clark, A., Saudi Aramco World, Nov/Dec 1999: 2-7. Arkivert fra originalen 29 December 2006. Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
- Elegant Solutions, Swan, S., Saudi Aramco World, Jul/Aug 1999: 16-27. Arkivert fra originalen 29 December 2006. Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
- Shaking Up Architecture, Lawrence, L. A., Saudi Aramco World, Jan/Feb 2001: 6-19. Arkivert fra originalen 29 December 2006. Besøkt 6. desember 2006.
- Gerry Loughran, Better by design, 1989, Saudi Aramco World
Videre lesning [rediger]
- Sardar, Zahid. «Aga Khan Award for Architecture Building cultural bridges», San Francisco Chronicle, Hearst Communications Inc., 2003-03-01. Besøkt 2007-01-28
- Sardar, Zahid. «Culture's winning ways: The Aga Khan Award for Architecture's latest triumphs shows Islam's best», San Francisco Chronicle, Hearst Communications Inc., 2005-03-09. Besøkt 2007-01-28
- «7 Projects Receive The 2004 Aga Khan Award for Architecture», ARCHI-TECH magazine, Stamats Business Media, November, 2004. Besøkt 2007-01-28[død lenke]